Film Studies Essay Introduction - Homework for you

Homework for you

Film Studies Essay Introduction

Rating: 4.5/5.0 (35 Votes)

Category: Essay

Description

Film Studies Essay Research Paper Within the

Film Studies Essay Research Paper Within the

Film Studies Essay, Research Paper

Within the Introduction to film Studies classes we are able to explore the visions interpreted as we view a movie. One such movie in which I have analyzed is American Beauty, written by Alan Ball, and directed by Sam Mendes. American Beauty is a movie that leaves a lot left to explore. The content of this paper is not to find the meaning but rather take a journey with an unorthodoxed lead actors role throughout a wonderful movie.

Lester Burnham (Kevin Spacey), is a middle-aged man whose life is already destined. Through his eyes, we see the trivial motions in which he travels. His mundane lifestyle leads us to believe that there is little hope or yet realization that this man can overcome his pain. Occupying his home is his estranged wife Carolyn (Annette Bening), and his typical teenage daughter Jane (Thora Birch).

Lester is made out to be a helpless man. His methods are manipulated in a sense that allows us to feel almost certain empathy. He has little control in his household and is belittled by both Carolyn and Jane. Throughout the movie though, Lester experiences a sort of resurrection. With the help of a few key characters he is able to overcome a mid life crisis and turn into an admirable leading man.

The movies breaking point, or at least Lesters’, comes as he is introduced to his neighbor Ricky Fitts (Wes Bentley). As Lester creates his own environment at a social gathering with his wife, Ricky introduces himself. Although just a caterer Ricky is the first to offer a realistic concern. He sees a distraught man and takes a simple moment to introduce himself. As the two create a conversation Ricky brings Lester back to a time when things were easier. Although chemically induced Lester takes note of Ricky’s flair and applauds his decisions to not necessarily care for the fact that he had just been fired from his job.

I feel as though this is where the movie begins to turn. Lester takes heed the idea that there is so much more that he has forgotten. He becomes a client of the apparent deranged neighbor and begins a circle that would bring him back to his more energetic days. Upon realizing the importance of himself as a central power Lester puts more emphasis on who he is. Although he is also swayed by Angela Hayes (Mena Suvari), Jane’s friend, Lester comes out from his shell and opens up into a new world.

After creating a few financial ventures Lester leaves his job with a years severance and full benefits. He quickly manages to start where he left off by getting back his original working experience. Rehired as a short hand cook at a fast food joint Lester brings himself back to his happiest point in life. When all that mattered was good times, women, and eight tracks no one really sees how much lighter he has become.

There are definitely more underlying notions that suggest more of a story but I feel that the main concern is the transformation of Lester. His unsatisfied sexual drive becomes retriggered with the help of Angela. It seems as though it is an innocent crush on his daughter’s friend but as the two build off of each other he becomes more engulfed and looks right passed his wife’s new pleasures. His views are realerted to a time when beauty was his concern and innocence was a virtue.

As the movie rolls on Ricky becomes closer with Jane. Between the two, there is a realization that is formed. Ricky’s videos explore a surreal world that Jane has always been a pa

rt of but has never known. The two help each other deliver comfort and for once, they can relax to the world’s glare.

Lester”s transformation begins to have an apparent effect to his wife Carolyn. She does not understand his views and yet never takes the time to effectively see where he is coming from. Just as you see the two come closer than they had, Carolyn ruins the moment with a comment on the possible destruction of a material object. Lester enjoys the moment for what it is and from here, we know that there is no further advancement between the couples relationship.

An awkward portrayal of realization in the movie is Colonel Fitts (Chris Cooper). Armed with a manipulated Marine corp mind we see a person whose views have totally been branded. His own wife Barbara (Allison Janey) lies within hysterics and it is safe to say that he is at full fault. Seeing only what he has been drilled on the Colonel loses both his mind and life After interpreting his own thought on the circumstances between his son and his neighbor he falls to his inner desires and acts on his insanity. After discovering that he has unearthed tendencies he was unaware of and unaccepted towards, he does all that he has left. With a single gun shot, he takes out his worst nightmares and at the same time someone who he never quite got to know.

American Beauty, in comparison to other movies, does maintain a certain level of narrative structure. The common goal seems to be that Lester is in search of a finer life. Although in a demented way he finds the sweeter side, we see him reach what he sought for.

Throughout the movie, I searched myself towards the idea of realism and clarity. I feel that the realism is practical and in comparison to classical Hollywood. It allows you to believe that the events could take place or in the least within your mind, you can see the actuality. The clarity could be a struggle because for me, there is a deeper movie that is within. I can honestly say that I try to put myself into the eyes of the character. I want to feel the same way so I can understand how it was that the director, and writer, wanted the movie to be. Clarity is as important to any movie because it allows you to see. It lets you feel emotion and explore from there. By letting go for two hours, I could feel Lester. In a way, its importance is more rewarding than anything else because you can thoroughly enjoy or deploy vision.

This is where the difference is between classical Hollywood storytelling and today’s modern edge. Although I find it unfair to judge what was to what now is I see today’s movies as more unrestricted. We are allowed to be challenged in thought rather than dictation. I think that this allows writers, producers, and directors to explore more and because of this, we are rewarded with deeper entertainment.

It is apparent to me that the life chose by Lester is similar to the ones that we all go through. There contains realization that sometimes we overlook what it is that we originally held close. Everything we thought we wanted only becomes things we wanted after we have them. The search for happiness lies beneath and although we search, the simplest of things keep us free. Lester witnessed this throughout the film. He had everything which was nothing and traded it all for himself. There was life, beauty, simplicity and innocence. Lester’s thoughts demonstrate a perfect example. Upon finding what really is important to yourself, within your world ” I Rule”!

Other articles

Film Studies Essay Research Paper Within the

Film Studies Essay, Research Paper

Within the Introduction to film Studies classes we are able to explore the visions interpreted as we view a movie. One such movie in which I have analyzed is American Beauty, written by Alan Ball, and directed by Sam Mendes. American Beauty is a movie that leaves a lot left to explore. The content of this paper is not to find the meaning but rather take a journey with an unorthodoxed lead actors role throughout a wonderful movie.

Lester Burnham (Kevin Spacey), is a middle-aged man whose life is already destined. Through his eyes, we see the trivial motions in which he travels. His mundane lifestyle leads us to believe that there is little hope or yet realization that this man can overcome his pain. Occupying his home is his estranged wife Carolyn (Annette Bening), and his typical teenage daughter Jane (Thora Birch).

Lester is made out to be a helpless man. His methods are manipulated in a sense that allows us to feel almost certain empathy. He has little control in his household and is belittled by both Carolyn and Jane. Throughout the movie though, Lester experiences a sort of resurrection. With the help of a few key characters he is able to overcome a mid life crisis and turn into an admirable leading man.

The movies breaking point, or at least Lesters’, comes as he is introduced to his neighbor Ricky Fitts (Wes Bentley). As Lester creates his own environment at a social gathering with his wife, Ricky introduces himself. Although just a caterer Ricky is the first to offer a realistic concern. He sees a distraught man and takes a simple moment to introduce himself. As the two create a conversation Ricky brings Lester back to a time when things were easier. Although chemically induced Lester takes note of Ricky’s flair and applauds his decisions to not necessarily care for the fact that he had just been fired from his job.

I feel as though this is where the movie begins to turn. Lester takes heed the idea that there is so much more that he has forgotten. He becomes a client of the apparent deranged neighbor and begins a circle that would bring him back to his more energetic days. Upon realizing the importance of himself as a central power Lester puts more emphasis on who he is. Although he is also swayed by Angela Hayes (Mena Suvari), Jane’s friend, Lester comes out from his shell and opens up into a new world.

After creating a few financial ventures Lester leaves his job with a years severance and full benefits. He quickly manages to start where he left off by getting back his original working experience. Rehired as a short hand cook at a fast food joint Lester brings himself back to his happiest point in life. When all that mattered was good times, women, and eight tracks no one really sees how much lighter he has become.

There are definitely more underlying notions that suggest more of a story but I feel that the main concern is the transformation of Lester. His unsatisfied sexual drive becomes retriggered with the help of Angela. It seems as though it is an innocent crush on his daughter’s friend but as the two build off of each other he becomes more engulfed and looks right passed his wife’s new pleasures. His views are realerted to a time when beauty was his concern and innocence was a virtue.

As the movie rolls on Ricky becomes closer with Jane. Between the two, there is a realization that is formed. Ricky’s videos explore a surreal world that Jane has always been a part of but has never known. The two help each other deliver comfort and for once, they can relax to the world’s glare.

Lester”s transformation begins to have an apparent effect to his wife Carolyn. She does not understand his views and yet never takes the time to effectively see where he is coming from. Just as you see the two come closer than they had, Carolyn ruins the moment with a comment on the possible destruction of a material object. Lester enjoys the moment for what it is and from here, we know that there is no further advancement between the couples relationship.

An awkward portrayal of realization in the movie is Colonel Fitts (Chris Cooper). Armed with a manipulated Marine corp mind we see a person whose views have totally been branded. His own wife Barbara (Allison Janey) lies within hysterics and it is safe to say that he is at full fault. Seeing only what he has been drilled on the Colonel loses both his mind and life After interpreting his own thought on the circumstances between his son and his neighbor he falls to his inner desires and acts on his insanity. After discovering that he has unearthed tendencies he was unaware of and unaccepted towards, he does all that he has left. With a single gun shot, he takes out his worst nightmares and at the same time someone who he never quite got to know.

American Beauty, in comparison to other movies, does maintain a certain level of narrative structure. The common goal seems to be that Lester is in search of a finer life. Although in a demented way he finds the sweeter side, we see him reach what he sought for.

Throughout the movie, I searched myself towards the idea of realism and clarity. I feel that the realism is practical and in comparison to classical Hollywood. It allows you to believe that the events could take place or in the least within your mind, you can see the actuality. The clarity could be a struggle because for me, there is a deeper movie that is within. I can honestly say that I try to put myself into the eyes of the character. I want to feel the same way so I can understand how it was that the director, and writer, wanted the movie to be. Clarity is as important to any movie because it allows you to see. It lets you feel emotion and explore from there. By letting go for two hours, I could feel Lester. In a way, its importance is more rewarding than anything else because you can thoroughly enjoy or deploy vision.

This is where the difference is between classical Hollywood storytelling and today’s modern edge. Although I find it unfair to judge what was to what now is I see today’s movies as more unrestricted. We are allowed to be challenged in thought rather than dictation. I think that this allows writers, producers, and directors to explore more and because of this, we are rewarded with deeper entertainment.

It is apparent to me that the life chose by Lester is similar to the ones that we all go through. There contains realization that sometimes we overlook what it is that we originally held close. Everything we thought we wanted only becomes things we wanted after we have them. The search for happiness lies beneath and although we search, the simplest of things keep us free. Lester witnessed this throughout the film. He had everything which was nothing and traded it all for himself. There was life, beauty, simplicity and innocence. Lester’s thoughts demonstrate a perfect example. Upon finding what really is important to yourself, within your world ” I Rule”!

European Film Studies Essay by

European Film Studies

Instructor 's name

Krysztof Kieslowski`s genius germinated as a truly original and thought provoking film director was deeply influenced by the presence of Communism in Poland. Later to join the ranks of the world 's greatest filmmakers. Krysztof was quoted as saying asking questions about our existence was more important than being concerned with political reality why get up from bed ' - If one was not at all concerned about the metaphysics of things. In this context his fascination towards the

parameters of memory and complexities of survival developed and was later manifested in his works

The land of his birth. Poland. was the background for many of his movies. He shifted his focus from documentary reality as a filmmaker working in his country. The gaze of his camera shifted from documenting reality to the probing the inner life of human beings. deeply affected by their reality in different ways. The oeuvre of Kieslowski straddled over many concerns. Two of his recurring themes were the persistence of memory and survival amidst the harsh realities of life. Death and violence was a feature of life in communist Poland

Every vestige of idealism was stripped away in the wake of mind numbing regimentation and the murder of freedom and humanity - almost reducing people to bare survival level. On a spiritual level the characters in Kieslowski 's works seem to agonizingly grope their way forward out of this darkness

Each in their own way resolve a dilemma of existence. to find reunion stark truth. even death. happiness and yet the films never work their way to some artificial conclusion - ambiguous as life is. in fact. An examination of the director 's projects will throw up evidence of these recurring themes. Yet. the films are never completely pessimistic. even if some might go deep into the dark side of human nature or seem to be concerned with erotic obsession. Thus in one hand it magnified memory or the reconstruction of memory and on the other hand he juxtaposed the manifestation and complexities of survival

However. the director was himself a very warm person who simply felt that depicting fictionalized reality was simply a better. if oblique way to show reality. One tends to get an impression from the whole body of work that a lot is being said in the films but very subtly. Of course. helping Kieslowski was his immensely talented cast who seem to draw every shade of feeling out in films as diverse as No End and The Double life of Veronique. On the face of it nothing very much seems to be happening in these films. It is all subtle emotional underplay and a strongly controlled interplay of human conflicts and deeply moving responses (Dollard. 89-92

Two of his films are representative of the aforementioned themes. Three Colors. Blue and Decalogue 2

Three Colors. Blue (1993

`Blue ' is a work of such intensity that one is eternally grateful that Juliette Binoche plays Julie.

Not the Essay You're looking for? Get a custom essay ( only for $12.99 )

Essay on filmmaking - essays, biography, admissions, homeworks and other

essay on filmmaking


Watch Fascinating Visual Essay on the Filmmaking of David Fincher. Director David Fincher has directed truly great feature films, mesmerizing music.

Essays on Film Noir Film Noir Studios features some great reading by essayist John Blaser. This site offers numerous, insightful pieces and is a great resource for.

How to start off my introduction to film studies essay? Hi everyone! I’m a French student in England. I'm writing a film studies essay about a horror film.

Written & Directed by Byron Geoffrey Gouette Assistant Director Pt. 1 - Nicholas Gouette A Two Part Film That Figuratively Conveys My Personal Filmmaking Pro.

Essays Classic Noir

Home Movie News Watch Fascinating Visual Essay on the Filmmaking of David Fincher. Godfrey Cheshire’s “Death of Film/Decay of Cinema” EssayBelow is a free essay on "British Film Making" from Anti Essays, your source for free research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

How to start off my introduction to film studies essay? - News

Essay on filmmaking. Posted by on Tuesday, February 24, 2015 Leave a Comment. Hiatus, the personal essay filmmakers instinctually Films were not made.

  • Macro Essay. Discuss how Genre and Narrative create meaning and response in the audience. Every film has at least one identifiable genre.

Film Studies Essay

Free Essays Must Be Free! TM Film Studies Term paper

While the free essays can give you inspiration for writing, they cannot be used 'as is' because they will not meet your assignment's requirements. If you are in a time crunch, then you need a custom written term paper on your subject (film studies)
Here you can hire an independent writer/researcher to custom write you an authentic essay to your specifications that will pass any plagiarism test (e.g. Turnitin). Waste no more time!

Into The “Time Warp”: The Rocky Horror Picture Show as An Enduring Pop Cult Classic
For years, with its phenomenal success as a midnight movie, The Rocky Horror Picture Show has made “don’t dream it, be it” the motto for its ever-growing cult audience.

Within the Introduction to film Studies classes we are able to explore the visions interpreted as we view a movie. One such movie in which I have analyzed is American Beauty, written by Alan Ball, and directed by Sam Mendes. American Beauty is a movie that leaves a lot left to explore. The content of this paper is not to find the meaning but rather take a journey with an unorthodoxed lead actors role throughout a wonderful movie. Lester Burnham

Into The “Time Warp”: The Rocky Horror Picture Show As An Enduring Pop Cult Classic
For years, with its phenomenal success as a midnight movie, The Rocky Horror Picture Show has made “don’t dream it, be it” the motto for its ever-growing cult audience. The.

(Kevin Spacey), is a middle-aged man whose life is already destined. Through his eyes, we see the trivial motions in which he travels. His mundane lifestyle leads us to believe that there is little hope or yet realization that this man can overcome his pain. Occupying his home is his estranged wife Carolyn (Annette Bening), and his typical teenage daughter Jane (Thora Birch). Lester is made out to be a helpless man. His methods are manipulated in a sense that

The Color Purple
In Jacqueline Bobo's article, "The Color Purple: Black Women as Cultural Readers", it is discussed how black women create meaning out of the mainstream text of the film "The.

allows us to feel almost certain empathy. He has little control in his household and is belittled by both Carolyn and Jane. Throughout the movie though, Lester experiences a sort of resurrection. With the help of a few key characters he is able to overcome a mid life crisis and turn into an admirable leading man. The movies breaking point, or at least Lesters', comes as he is introduced to his neighbor Ricky Fitts (Wes Bentley). As Lester creates his

Article`S Analysis
In Jacqueline Bobo's article, "The Color Purple: Black Women as Cultural Readers", it is discussed how black women create meaning out of the mainstream text of the film "The.

own environment at a social gathering with his wife, Ricky introduces himself. Although just a caterer Ricky is the first to offer a realistic concern. He sees a distraught man and takes a simple moment to introduce himself. As the two create a conversation Ricky brings Lester back to a time when things were easier. Although chemically induced Lester takes note of Ricky's flair and applauds his decisions to not necessarily care for the fact that he had just been

Neighbors
"Before I saw Neighbors, I didn’t know there was an Australia" ;(Jerry Hall, The Clive James Show, UK, 31 December, 1989) T he soap opera genre originated in American radio.

fired from his job. I feel as though this is where the movie begins to turn. Lester takes heed the idea that there is so much more that he has forgotten. He becomes a client of the apparent deranged neighbor and begins a circle that would bring him back to his more energetic days. Upon realizing the importance of himself as a central power Lester puts more emphasis on who he is. Although he is also swayed by Angela

How Does Television Violence Affect Children’s Behavior
How Does Television Violence Affect Children’s Behavior Does television promote violence and crime among children? Although most people look at television as an entertaining and educational way.

Hayes (Mena Suvari), Jane's friend, Lester comes out from his shell and opens up into a new world. After creating a few financial ventures Lester leaves his job with a years severance and full benefits. He quickly manages to start where he left off by getting back his original working experience. Rehired as a short hand cook at a fast food joint Lester brings himself back to his happiest point in life. When all that mattered was good times, women,

Marxism In The Media
Holy Smokes, Kids! It’s Marxism in the Media. Sandra Carter Media Theory and Criticism March 29, 2001 “To my distress and perhaps to my delight, I order things in accordance.

and eight tracks no one really sees how much lighter he has become. There are definitely more underlying notions that suggest more of a story but I feel that the main concern is the transformation of Lester. His unsatisfied sexual drive becomes retriggered with the help of Angela. It seems as though it is an innocent crush on his daughter's friend but as the two build off of each other he becomes more engulfed and looks right passed his wife's

Media: The Power to Make or Break a Nation
"Communication remains God's great gift to humanity without which we cannot be truly human, reflecting God's image." (Cañaberal, 1993, 44) Freedom of speech is a right of individuals as they.

new pleasures. His views are realerted to a time when beauty was his concern and innocence was a virtue. As the movie rolls on Ricky becomes closer with Jane. Between the two, there is a realization that is formed. Ricky's videos explore a surreal world that Jane has always been a part of but has never known. The two

The rest of the paper is available free of charge to our registered users. The registration process just couldn't be easier. Log in or register now. It is all free!

More College Papers

Funny No More essay
Funny No More It's 6:OOam on a Saturday morning; do you know where your children are? Well, if they are anything like we used to be, they are probably sitting down to watch the weekend cartoons. Yeah, you remember, the one time during the whole week when you got up before the sun came out and ate a

Gilbert Grape essay
What’s Eating Gilbert Grape portrays a family that is dealing with the trials, tribulations, and also great times of having a member with a disability. The Grape family consists of Gilbert, Ellen, Amy, Mama, and of course, Arnie. The Grape family lives in an isolated town of Endora in a house

For The Love Of The Game essay
For the Love of the Game Movie Sam Raimi 1999 This movie is based on a story of man who has a passion for baseball and love for a woman. It shows the struggle between the two, b worthy. "I can't be a groupie," Jane says this also expressing her insecurity of being worthy. "So when your gone yo

Film Studies 2 Introduction To Textual Analysis - by Ruben_Shaw

Film Studies 2: Introduction To Textual Analysis

Below is a free excerpt of "Film Studies 2: Introduction To Textual Analysis" from Anti Essays, your source for free research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

In the last ‘episode’ of Paisa the Camera pans over a dead body in the water and a voice-over in Italian describes the progress of American troops – giving a newsreel quality to the opening sequence. People on the shore watch the body pass by, and the music in the background gives a kind of a worried sound. The crowd on shore follows the body as it floats down stream – they say something in Italian.

We then see two soldiers hiding in the reeds at the rivers edge, one is American and the other Italian. They are in a small swamp canoe, immediately you get the sense of a close friendship with the two soldiers even though they appear worlds apart. One is speaking Italian and the other English, but the American does not speak Italian but rather just understands Italian and replies in English. There are a lot of extreme far shots and wide shots, full body shots but no close ups on the faces of the characters, there are however close ups of other things.

The director takes us right up close to the everyday mundane things like right up close behind the canoe, you can just about feel the water in your face, you get the sense that this is all happening now - feels like a documentary only different - it feels like you are watching raw unedited news footage.

The story seems to be told through a series of cuts, they flow fluently through each shot jumping to and from different characters, so rather than relying on narrative there seems to be an evident theme of, or rather a way of story telling through impersonal edited shots. This is very effective if you are trying to get the events of the story across. It seems to me that we are to believe that the director is not attempting to bias the viewer about what he is filming by drawing attention to what is actually happening in the moment rather than the usual Hollywood style of emotionally tying you to a character in the situation by having close up emotional shots of the lead characters. But I believe that.

Introduction to Film Studies

Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy.

Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details.

Explore all your favorite topics in the SlideShare app Get the SlideShare app to Save for Later — even offline

Continue to the mobile site »

  • Upload
  • Login
  • Signup

Double tap to zoom out

Introduction to Film Studies

Share this SlideShare

LinkedIn Corporation © 2016

An Introduction To Independent Filming Film Studies Essay

Our Guarantees Our Quality Standards Our Fair Use Policy

What Makes UK Essays Different?
  • We have a verifiable trading history as a UK registered company (details at the bottom of every page).
  • Our Nottingham offices are open to the public where you can meet our team of over 40 full-time staff.
  • UK Essays partner with Feefo.com to publish verified customer testimonials - both good and bad!
Ask an Expert FREE

Ask an Expert Index Ask a Question Paid Services

About Our Ask an Expert Service

Our totally free "Ask an Expert" Service allows users to get an answer of up to 300 words to any academic question.

  • Questions typically answered within 24 hours.
  • All answers are researched and written by fully qualified academics in the question's subject area.
  • Our service is completely confidential, only the answer is published - we never publish your personal details.
  • Each professional answer comes with appropriate references.
About Us More About Us An Introduction To Independent Filming Film Studies Essay

Published: 23, March 2015

Because independent film is independently financed, several of its characteristics, such as visual art, theme and background, make it different from any other type of film.

An independent film, indie film, or underground film, is a film that is produced mostly outside of a major film studio. Today's big six major film studios are Time Warner, News Corporation, Viacom, Sony, The Walt Disney Company and General Electric/Vivendi Universal. Technically, Independent film does not belong to any major film studio or film company; both the funding and film-making are done independently. The funds of making an independent film were originally mostly from the funding that director has found by himself or even that the director personally contributes to the film. But nowadays, independent films are usually produced or distributed by subsidiaries of major studios so that, if less than half of a film's financing comes from a major studio, it can be considered independent film.

Where Does Independent Film Come From?

Professional Essay Writers

Get your grade
or your money back
using our Essay Writing Service!

Essay Writing Service

The concept of independent film came from Hollywood in the last century.

At that time, the Hollywood oligopoly replaced the Edison monopoly. Within this new system, a pecking order was soon established which left little room for any newcomers. At the top were the five major studios, MGM, Paramount Pictures, RKO, Warner Bros. and Twentieth Century Fox. Beneath them were Universal Studios and Columbia Pictures. Finally there was "Poverty Row," a catch all term used to encompass any other smaller studio that managed to fight their way up into the increasingly exclusive movie business. It is worth noting that though the small studios that made up Poverty Row could be characterized as existing "independently" of any major studio, they utilized the same kind of vertically and horizontally integrated systems of business as the larger players in the game. Though the eventual breakup of the studio system and its restrictive chain-theater distribution network would leave independent movie houses eager for the kind of populist, seat-filling product of the Poverty Row studios, that same paradigm shift would also lead to the decline and ultimate disappearance of "Poverty Row" as a Hollywood phenomenon. While the kinds of films produced by Poverty Row studios only grew in popularity, they would eventually become increasingly available both from major production companies and from independent producers who no longer needed to rely on a studio's ability to package and release their work (wiki).

So at the time, the studio system had brought large amounts of money to the film industry, but it also extremely limited the themes of film that a scriptwriter would be allowed to write about. Because of this situation, many filmmakers wanted to get out of the studio system so they collected money and directed the film by themselves, sometimes even writing the scripts by themselves. Therefore, a large number of the independently funded and directed films were totally different from the commercial films that had been made. It is these films that became the first independent films.

Backgrounds of Independent Directors

A film can be called an independent film for two reasons. The first reason is that most of the financing is not from a major studio. The second reason is that the theme of the film is unique.

From the beginning, independent film is different from the major studios: its purpose is not to earn money. Although production is small (low cost and simple technology are the symbols of the independent film), this does not mean that the film itself is crude or unprofessional. Because there are fewer influences from sponsors, the independent films can be involved in more themes that commercial films cannot write about, it also shows the unique of the director. Basically, the themes of independent films in the U.S. have no limit as they include politics, violence, sex, science fiction, crime and even indescribable fantasy. So it is really hard to classify independent films the same way one does for Hollywood commercial films.

The unique characteristics of independent film can be proved by the backgrounds of the director of an independent film. It is not hard to find out that these directors usually have their own unique backgrounds, not only their race, but also their social status and the area that they come from. Each director is skilled in his own way and wants to show this in his film through the use of complicated structure.

Comprehensive Writing Services

Plagiarism-free
Always on Time
Marked to Standard

Take John Cassavetes, for example, who is basically called "the father of the independent film" in the U.S. He is most notable as a pioneer of American independent film. John was born into a Greek-American family, so his Greek family values extremely influenced his creativity in film. So, in his films, it is clear to see his observations of and questioning on American family life. They also show self-examination in the relationships between families.

Woody Allen, another famous director, was born in Brooklyn, New York City, in a well-educational Jewish family. From "Annie Hall" to "Melinda and Melinda," we can see that Woody Allen's background caused him to criticize reality in his films.

Another director, Spike Lee, grow up in the same neighborhood as Woody Allen, but he has a totally different angle in directing films. Because Spike Lee was born into a middle to low class, African-American family, his films are full of a fearlessness to corruption and violence and tended to show the darkness of society.

Even when dealing with the same theme, different directors usually show a different point of view. For example: sex. In Woody Allen's film " Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Sex*But Were Afraid to Ask ", he describes traditional sex using jokes instead of serious discussion. Allen even played the role of a sperm in his film for emphasis. Steven Soderbergh, however, also dealt with the theme of sex. In his opinion, sex became a symbol of danger. In his film, "Sex, Lies, and Videotape", sex is abnormal and makes people feel restless. This is totally different from Woody Allen's humor. Thus, independent film directors each have their own style and skilled theme, causing a unique structure of theme in independent film.

Black humor In Independent Film

The black humor in independent film is a kind of humor that makes people feel sad. One way is to describe the compassion to nobody; another way is to sneer at somebody. Woody Allen is a representative man to use the second way in his films. Woody is good at directing his films in an exaggerated funny way, and most of his films are against tradition and authority, for example his early films "Bananas" "Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Sex*But Were Afraid to Ask" and "Sleeper". These films were meant to poke fun at Hollywood's politic film, sex film and science-fiction film at that time. Most importantly, these mocks were definitely valuable and were not sleazy jokes, but always make people think about more. And after people laughing at these jokes, they will feel a little bit sad about this reality. After Woody Allen's early films, his skills has developed and used it to make fun of all society and human nature itself. In "Stardust Memories" "Everyone Says I Love You" "Bullets Over Broadway", human nature, love, violence, happiness, etc, these ideas has instead of Hollywood, became his targets. Although it sounds impossible to make fun of these things, Woody Allen can always give us surprise, he has ability to make people laugh. Even in "Stardust Memories", has been thought it was greeting to Ernst Ingmar Bergman, it is still easy to see Woody Allen's self-mockery. In this film, he used a lot of skills from European directors, because of this, he has been criticized by critical circles, but he still treated it as his best film. Of course, Woody Allen can never forget to make fun of Hollywood, the typical one is "The Purple Rose of Cairo". This film poked fun of that Hollywood made huge contrast between the reality and film world. Because of the big differences that Hollywood made in film world between realities, he criticized the Hollywood film industry. "The Purple Rose of Cairo" is one of Woody Allen's most importantly films, it criticized film industry itself make it became a landmark in independent film history.

The way to make fun of nobody is used by a lot of directors, Coen brothers become the best of these directors since they began direct the independent films. Their tender humble but a little bit weird black humor became their symbol. Especially their first film "Blood Simple", it became one landmark in independent film history, this film has influenced a lot of films after, especially large number of 90s independent films, its style and theme became the fashion in independent film industry. But "Blood Simple" was just their first one, Coen brothers' second film "Barton Fink" won the reputation for them. The same as Woody Allen, in "Barton Fink", it full of taunts to Hollywood, and their thoughts has showed in this film. The boss of the film company in "Barton Fink" stands for those Hollywood big shots. Money can make them kneel down, and can also make them became animals without any humanity and of course they do not care the art of films. After this film, "O brother, Where art thou?" became another landmark, this film was adopted from "Odyssey". It discussed the changes of American politics and religions make it became more like an epic for independent film history.

This Essay is a Student's Work

This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers.

Examples of our work

Quentin Tarantino, are also famous for his black humor in his films. From his first famous film "Reservoir Dogs", poke fun of mafia, crime, violence and etc, it became his mark. In his film "Pulp Fiction", all the members of mafia has been described stupid, dirty and has no brains. They bully the weak and fear the strong, make people cannot stop laughing at them. "Kill Bill" extremely showed his black violent aesthetics, the female role in this film fight with Japanese mafias, killing people is just a little thing, this scene is also poke fun of Hollywood that used Chinese kung fu whenever they want to.

The most typical black humor independent film must be Kevin Smith's "Clerks", this film just cost $27,000, and it was a miracle to Hollywood in 90s. This is a really simple story about two salesclerks. They open for business, but there is no business. They go to funeral, but the coffin has been overthrown by them, etc. All these stories happened in the same day, it has no directly connections but it is well-organized. The story is simple, but it full of philosophy, makes people try to think. At the end, it tells people a simple truth but usually been ignored by people, which is be nice to your friends and family.

In independent film, usually need wonderful actors to play out the black humor. Like Tom Cruise in "Magnolia", Dustin Hoffman in "I Heart Huckabees", Samuel L Jackson in "Do the Right Thing" and etc. These good actors are really important to any good independent films.

Freedom, Revolt & Violence in Independent Film

For independent film, freedom is the most important characteristic. This freedom not only means the freedom of funds, but also means the freedom of minds. From some point, independent film can also be called freedom film. If independent film want to be freedom means have to break the tradition rules, which also means have to revolt the rules. So the spirit of independent film should be called the revolt of freedom.

So it is not hard to find that the characters in the independent films are usually uninhibited. Take David Lynch's "Wild at Heart" as an example. In this film, a couple cannot be together because of several reasons, but they use a lot of lurid ways to try to get together. This film shows people's restless though bloody violent scenes, it full of Freud style analysis. But this film also shows a little bit romantic, the other extremely way to love each other. "Wild at Heart" is also a typical rock film, the main character in the film usually drives a car on the high way and show up in the public like a rock singer. After "Wild at Heart", "Lost Highway" basically continued the story has been told in "Wild at Heart", the style, characteristic and even the main actor Nicholas Cage has not been change. But this time, a lot of videotapes about privacy have been instead of abstract of pressures from society. This experimental film described the darkness side of people, it is the most strange and inscrutable film in all his films.

Compare with Oliver Stone's films, David Lynch's films are really tender. Oliver Stone's "Natural Born Killers" can be called the most violent film in all the 90s American independent films. In this film, he broke all the rules that had been showed on the screen, he did not even care about the audiences, just showed the extremely violent to audiences. This is not only an irony to Hollywood, but also it is an irony to the darkness of American cultures. And this counterattack is hopeless, to the whole society: just a person can do nothing. So the character in the film just can kills people to release his anger and against the society. "Natural Born Killers" actually has some similarities with Quentin Tarantino's films, which is that they all used violence as the clue in their films. Especially in "Kill Bill", the story itself is very simple, but Quentin Tarantino described violence in details, he even makes people think that violent is kind of aesthetical. But in fact, what he wants to tell is the same as "Natural Born Killers".

Hollywood's Banishment or Incorporation of Independent Film Directors

Since independent film was born, Hollywood always tries to incorporate the independent film directors. Usually, an independent film director will be incorporate into Hollywood after some of his films got successes. For example, Steven Soderbergh, after he directed his independent films "Sex, Lies, and Videotape" "Traffic", he directed some commercial films like "Ocean's eleven" "Ocean's twelve". But unfortunately, for audiences, he is one of the best directors of independent film, but for commercial film, he is not the best.

But still there were a lot of directors have successes on commercial film, such as Oliver Stone and Gus Van Sant, they are both good at independent film and commercial film. Oliver Stone not only has commercial films like "Born on the Fourth of July" "Heaven and Earth" but also has famous unique independent film like "Natural Born Killers". Gus Van Sant is much clever, he used the theme of the independent film to do it in commercial film way, "Drugstore Cowboy" "To Die For" "Good Will Hunting" these films are the typical.

Of course, money is everything for Hollywood, if they think the independent film director can earn money for them, they will become animals. Even the film has done, if they do not think it will earn money, they will kill it without thinking. So this is why such a lot of independent film directors do not want to direct any Hollywood films. Because their films are like their babies, if Hollywood will kill their babies sometime, who will work for Hollywood? I do not think there is one.

In conclusion, only when film directors are not controlled or limited by the sponsors, the really films will be create. Not only independent film will be free, but also any other types of film will be free. At that time, I believe there is just one type of film that is called good film.

Request Removal

If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have the essay published on the UK Essays website then please click on the link below to request removal:

Request the removal of this essay

More from UK Essays