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The Franklin Canterbury Tales Essay Ideas

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Canterbury Tales Franklin

Canterbury Tales, Franklin’s Tale Essay, Research Paper

Throughout the Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer, participants of the pilgrimage tell stories to entertain one another. These stories, while amusing, tend to have an underlying message, one being the Franklin s Tale. The Franklin s Tale is the most moral tale that has been read. It is not told to make the other pilgrims laugh, rather to explain an extremely important lesson. Throughout life, people say many things that are meant to be taken with a grain of salt and not literally, like Sure I ll buy you a car .WHEN PIGS FLY. Well, what would happen if one day pigs did fly? Would the promise be honored? Would it even have been considered a promise? The Franklin effectively illustrates the danger of making such statements in a tale about a man who takes a comment, made in jest, literally.

In order to understand the tale, it is necessary to grasp the nature of the Franklin. The Franklin, as described in the Prologue, is white as a daisy-petal his beard./ A sanguine man, high-coloured and benign. (p. 12). Before the tales of the pilgrims are actually told, Chaucer gives the reader a description of each pilgrim in order to understand the tales from the point of view of each pilgrim. Chaucer creates an affable and pious man with his portrait of the Franklin. The Franklin is a very pure man who is wealthy and kind to all. He has a delicate and plentiful taste for food and wine and is very hospitable. He made his household free to all the County. (p. 12) The Franklin is portrayed as an ideal and righteous noble, unlike most other nobles who are corrupt and take advantage of their wealth and power. Chaucer concludes with one line that effectively characterizes the Franklin; He was a model among landed gentry. (p. 12).

For every other participant of the pilgrimage, Chaucer has some satirical comment about them. Why should the Franklin be any different? There is nothing wrong with the ways of the Franklin except for the fact that he is incredibly pretentious. The Franklin takes his wealth for granted and shows it off to everyone. However, his pompousness should not detract from the story. Although he may by arrogant, he still appears to be incredibly wise and pure. Why does Chaucer speak so highly of the Franklin and spend so much time developing his purity and righteousness? Chaucer uses such eloquent and florid description of the Franklin because he wants to convey to the reader that the Franklin is an honest, wise, and decent man that can be trusted and learned from. In Chaucer s introduction of the Miller, the Miller is represented as a senile old man and then the Miller proceeds to tell a spiteful story. Therefore, concluding that the description of a character directly relates to his tale and its credibility, in his introduction to the Franklin, Chaucer foreshadows, by illustrating the his purity, that the Franklin will have a very powerful and meaningful tale to share with the pilgrims and to the reader.

Before the Franklin begins his story, he lets the whole travelling body know that he is not incredibly skilled in the art of rhetoric, and therefore his tale will not be as engaging as some of the others were. However, the Franklin, aware of the merit of his tale, concludes his introduction by saying Colors of rhetoric to me seem quaint,/ I have no feeling for such things. (P. 409). Colors of rhetoric are the superfluous detail and style of speech. The Franklin is indicating that while grave detail and listener involvement may make his speech more appealing to the group, his tale exists not to only entertain them, but to teach them a very important lesson too. The Franklin seems to be someone who does everything for a reason. As indicated in the Prologue, the Franklin has an expensive and exotic palate for food and he eats food not for the sake of eating but rather for enjoying and savoring that which he loves. He is not portrayed as an obese man and yet Chaucer goes into deep detail when describing food in the Franklin s narrative. Why does Chaucer go into such grave detail about the Franklin s eating habits? The Franklin is a wise man who does everything for a reason. He sees eating exorbitantly as an art. Logically, his tale must have a purpose too. The Franklin implies in the quote that fancy language would only detract from the purpose and from his motive for telling the story. While entertainment is a fundamental motive, it is only secondary to the lesson in which he seeks to convey: be careful what you say.

Before the Franklin even gets to the principal part of his tale, he sets up a rather interesting predicament. A knight of Brittany weds his queen. The marriage laws stated at that time that the male would be the master of the relationship. However, since his wife is also his queen, therefore she may be considered the dominant one in the marriage. Who should be the master? Since both the queen and the knight conclude that they are both equally dominant, then their marriage shall exist where they are both equal. God grant there never be betwixt us twain,/ Through an fault of mine, dispute or strife./ Sir, I will be your true and humble wife,/ Accept my truth of heart, or break, my breast! (P. 410). The queen is saying to her husband that regardless of what endeavors she may encounter, she will always be faithful to him. Before the tale ends, Chaucer will successfully prove the faith of the queen.

The Franklin is setting up a dilemma that will challenge the lady s promise of fidelity to her husband. Following the lady s oath to her husband, the Franklin interrupts his own story to give his perspective of what love is and what will happen in the tale. One of the key lines that the Franklin says is, Love will not be constrained by mastery. (P. 410). The Franklin is implying that if love needs to be fettered by dominance, then it is not love, rather subservience. In this situation between the queen and the knight, he shows that neither of them are the master, they are both equal and henceforth a relationship fastened by love, as love cannot exist in a subservient relationship. The fact that the Queen and knights relationship is based on love will affect a certain outcome in his tale whereas a relationship based on mastery would procure a drastically different one The Franklin proceeds to say that women and men should have their own liberty, suggesting that love should be a mutual relationship, not a dominant relationship. Another main point that the Franklin makes in his personal interlude is that the tolerant will prevail under love. Tolerance and determination will play a large role as a characteristic of the hopeful suitor of the queen in his tale. Finally, the Franklin emphasizes that everyone

Sometimes says or does a wrongful thing;

Rage, sickness, influence of some malign

Star-constellation, temper, woe or wine

Spur us to wrongful words or make us trip.

One should not seek revenge for every slip. (P. 410)

This excerpt is the premise for the entire plot and for the tale. The Franklin tells the moral to the story before he even really gets into it. He has set up a plan that he will follow when he tells his story. Someone who is madly in love with someone else will catch a mistake that their love has made and will exploit it. We can also assume from the passage the proceeded that interruption about the lady s devotion to her husband, that the exploitation of a mistake will test the strength of their marriage. The Franklin has done an incredible job thus far in proving that he does not need rhetoric to capture the group s attention. The actual lesson portion to the tale has yet to begin and already the Franklin has gathered everyone s attention whilst they learn the moral for which he seeks to convey; one should not seek revenge for every slip.

After The Franklin successfully proves Dorigen s, the wife, fidelity to her husband, Arveragus, the Franklin introduces the final main character in his story before setting up the dilemma, Aurelius. Aurelius is a young, rich suitor who has loved Dorigen ever since he set his eyes on her. Aurelius, while admiring Dorigen at a festival one day, encounters her and finally expresses his deep passion that he has bottled up for her for so long. Dorigen is caught off guard and is initially drawn back by the Aurelius remarks. The Lord that gave me soul and life/ I never meant to prove a faithless wife (P. 416). Dorigen, unsurprisingly, reinforces her fidelity and her promises that she had made to her husband prior to their marriage. Dorigen tells Aurelius outright that she is a true wife and has no intention of being unfaithful to Arveragus.

At this point in the story, the Franklin raises the question of whether or not faith to oneself is more important than faith to someone else. The Franklin introduces this thought provoking question immediately following Dorigen s long speech about keeping her fidelity, She added playfully,/ I might perhaps vouchsafe to be your love,/ on the day the coasts of Britanny/ Are stone by stone cleared of these hateful rocks/ By you. (P. 416). After Dorigen completely rejects Aurelius proposals, she feels incredibly bad. Although she was defending her faithfulness to her Arveragus, she completely crushes Aurelius and all of his hopes in one fell swoop. Dorigen offers Aurelius some compensation for her refusal of his love by asking of such an impossible act, creating some prospect for the young suitor. Dorigen does not at all expect the suitor to complete the task, but hopes that her demand will send Aurelius off in a good mood, rather than in a deep depression.

The tale immediately takes its turns problematic as there is a discrepancy in the conversation between Aurelius and Dorigen. Dorigen believes that the conversation was the final time that she would encounter Aurelius and his passion, for requiring an impossible task for him to complete was surely enough of an allusion to her disinterest in cheating on Arveragus. Aurelius, on the other hand, understanding that she has no interest in him or in cheating, takes her required task to heart, for if Dorigen is so faithful a woman, then she will dare not break her promise which she had made. In essence, Aurelius sees Dorigen s blunder as an opportunity for him to get what he has always longed for. Naturally, although Dorigen goes off in her direction of lamenting for Arveragus, believing herself to be free of Aurelius passionate oppression, Aurelius seeks a way to complete the impossible task inadvertently required for Dorigen s love.

While Dorigen forgets about the discourse that she had with Aurelius, Aurelius eventually finds a virtuous, young scholar who is able to help him remove the jagged rocks from the coasts of Brittaney. The young scholar is a master illusionist who claims that he is able to make it appear as though the rocks were removed, but for an immense sum of money. Aurelius accepts the costs and demands for the wizard s removal of the rocks immediately. Once the wizard completes his task, Aurelius rushes to Dorigen and reminds her of the promise that she made to him. You made a promise which you know must stand/ And gave your plighted troth into my hand/ To love me best, you said, as God above/ Knows, though I be unworthy of you love. (P. 425). This excerpt is very crucial in the plot of the story. What Aurelius is saying is that he knows that he ended up catching her in a mistake and although he is ashamed of it, he stills wants Dorigen because he has loved and longed for her for so long. Aurelius makes Dorigen choose what is more important to her: faith to her husband or to herself.

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Canterbury Tales, Franklin - s Tale Essay, Research Paper

Canterbury Tales, Franklin’s Tale Essay, Research Paper

Throughout the Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer, participants of the pilgrimage tell stories to entertain one another. These stories, while amusing, tend to have an underlying message, one being the Franklin s Tale. The Franklin s Tale is the most moral tale that has been read. It is not told to make the other pilgrims laugh, rather to explain an extremely important lesson. Throughout life, people say many things that are meant to be taken with a grain of salt and not literally, like Sure I ll buy you a car .WHEN PIGS FLY. Well, what would happen if one day pigs did fly? Would the promise be honored? Would it even have been considered a promise? The Franklin effectively illustrates the danger of making such statements in a tale about a man who takes a comment, made in jest, literally.

In order to understand the tale, it is necessary to grasp the nature of the Franklin. The Franklin, as described in the Prologue, is white as a daisy-petal his beard./ A sanguine man, high-coloured and benign. (p. 12). Before the tales of the pilgrims are actually told, Chaucer gives the reader a description of each pilgrim in order to understand the tales from the point of view of each pilgrim. Chaucer creates an affable and pious man with his portrait of the Franklin. The Franklin is a very pure man who is wealthy and kind to all. He has a delicate and plentiful taste for food and wine and is very hospitable. He made his household free to all the County. (p. 12) The Franklin is portrayed as an ideal and righteous noble, unlike most other nobles who are corrupt and take advantage of their wealth and power. Chaucer concludes with one line that effectively characterizes the Franklin; He was a model among landed gentry. (p. 12).

For every other participant of the pilgrimage, Chaucer has some satirical comment about them. Why should the Franklin be any different? There is nothing wrong with the ways of the Franklin except for the fact that he is incredibly pretentious. The Franklin takes his wealth for granted and shows it off to everyone. However, his pompousness should not detract from the story. Although he may by arrogant, he still appears to be incredibly wise and pure. Why does Chaucer speak so highly of the Franklin and spend so much time developing his purity and righteousness? Chaucer uses such eloquent and florid description of the Franklin because he wants to convey to the reader that the Franklin is an honest, wise, and decent man that can be trusted and learned from. In Chaucer s introduction of the Miller, the Miller is represented as a senile old man and then the Miller proceeds to tell a spiteful story. Therefore, concluding that the description of a character directly relates to his tale and its credibility, in his introduction to the Franklin, Chaucer foreshadows, by illustrating the his purity, that the Franklin will have a very powerful and meaningful tale to share with the pilgrims and to the reader.

Before the Franklin begins his story, he lets the whole travelling body know that he is not incredibly skilled in the art of rhetoric, and therefore his tale will not be as engaging as some of the others were. However, the Franklin, aware of the merit of his tale, concludes his introduction by saying Colors of rhetoric to me seem quaint,/ I have no feeling for such things. (P. 409). Colors of rhetoric are the superfluous detail and style of speech. The Franklin is indicating that while grave detail and listener involvement may make his speech more appealing to the group, his tale exists not to only entertain them, but to teach them a very important lesson too. The Franklin seems to be someone who does everything for a reason. As indicated in the Prologue, the Franklin has an expensive and exotic palate for food and he eats food not for the sake of eating but rather for enjoying and savoring that which he loves. He is not portrayed as an obese man and yet Chaucer goes into deep detail when describing food in the Franklin s narrative. Why does Chaucer go into such grave detail about the Franklin s eating habits? The Franklin is a wise man who does everything for a reason. He sees eating exorbitantly as an art. Logically, his tale must have a purpose too. The Franklin implies in the quote that fancy language would only detract from the purpose and from his motive for telling the story. While entertainment is a fundamental motive, it is only secondary to the lesson in which he seeks to convey: be careful what you say.

Before the Franklin even gets to the principal part of his tale, he sets up a rather interesting predicament. A knight of Brittany weds his queen. The marriage laws stated at that time that the male would be the master of the relationship. However, since his wife is also his queen, therefore she may be considered the dominant one in the marriage. Who should be the master? Since both the queen and the knight conclude that they are both equally dominant, then their marriage shall exist where they are both equal. God grant there never be betwixt us twain,/ Through an fault of mine, dispute or strife./ Sir, I will be your true and humble wife,/ Accept my truth of heart, or break, my breast! (P. 410). The queen is saying to her husband that regardless of what endeavors she may encounter, she will always be faithful to him. Before the tale ends, Chaucer will successfully prove the faith of the queen.

The Franklin is setting up a dilemma that will challenge the lady s promise of fidelity to her husband. Following the lady s oath to her husband, the Franklin interrupts his own story to give his perspective of what love is and what will happen in the tale. One of the key lines that the Franklin says is, Love will not be constrained by mastery. (P. 410). The Franklin is implying that if love needs to be fettered by dominance, then it is not love, rather subservience. In this situation between the queen and the knight, he shows that neither of them are the master, they are both equal and henceforth a relationship fastened by love, as love cannot exist in a subservient relationship. The fact that the Queen and knights relationship is based on love will affect a certain outcome in his tale whereas a relationship based on mastery would procure a drastically different one The Franklin proceeds to say that women and men should have their own liberty, suggesting that love should be a mutual relationship, not a dominant relationship. Another main point that the Franklin makes in his personal interlude is that the tolerant will prevail under love. Tolerance and determination will play a large role as a characteristic of the hopeful suitor of the queen in his tale. Finally, the Franklin emphasizes that everyone

Sometimes says or does a wrongful thing;

Rage, sickness, influence of some malign

Star-constellation, temper, woe or wine

Spur us to wrongful words or make us trip.

One should not seek revenge for every slip. (P. 410)

This excerpt is the premise for the entire plot and for the tale. The Franklin tells the moral to the story before he even really gets into it. He has set up a plan that he will follow when he tells his story. Someone who is madly in love with someone else will catch a mistake that their love has made and will exploit it. We can also assume from the passage the proceeded that interruption about the lady s devotion to her husband, that the exploitation of a mistake will test the strength of their marriage. The Franklin has done an incredible job thus far in proving that he does not need rhetoric to capture the group s attention. The actual lesson portion to the tale has yet to begin and already the Franklin has gathered everyone s attention whilst they learn the moral for which he seeks to convey; one should not seek revenge for every slip.

After The Franklin successfully proves Dorigen s, the wife, fidelity to her husband, Arveragus, the Franklin introduces the final main character in his story before setting up the dilemma, Aurelius. Aurelius is a young, rich suitor who has loved Dorigen ever since he set his eyes on her. Aurelius, while admiring Dorigen at a festival one day, encounters her and finally expresses his deep passion that he has bottled up for her for so long. Dorigen is caught off guard and is initially drawn back by the Aurelius remarks. The Lord that gave me soul and life/ I never meant to prove a faithless wife (P. 416). Dorigen, unsurprisingly, reinforces her fidelity and her promises that she had made to her husband prior to their marriage. Dorigen tells Aurelius outright that she is a true wife and has no intention of being unfaithful to Arveragus.

At this point in the story, the Franklin raises the question of whether or not faith to oneself is more important than faith to someone else. The Franklin introduces this thought provoking question immediately following Dorigen s long speech about keeping her fidelity, She added playfully,/ I might perhaps vouchsafe to be your love,/ on the day the coasts of Britanny/ Are stone by stone cleared of these hateful rocks/ By you. (P. 416). After Dorigen completely rejects Aurelius proposals, she feels incredibly bad. Although she was defending her faithfulness to her Arveragus, she completely crushes Aurelius and all of his hopes in one fell swoop. Dorigen offers Aurelius some compensation for her refusal of his love by asking of such an impossible act, creating some prospect for the young suitor. Dorigen does not at all expect the suitor to complete the task, but hopes that her demand will send Aurelius off in a good mood, rather than in a deep depression.

The tale immediately takes its turns problematic as there is a discrepancy in the conversation between Aurelius and Dorigen. Dorigen believes that the conversation was the final time that she would encounter Aurelius and his passion, for requiring an impossible task for him to complete was surely enough of an allusion to her disinterest in cheating on Arveragus. Aurelius, on the other hand, understanding that she has no interest in him or in cheating, takes her required task to heart, for if Dorigen is so faithful a woman, then she will dare not break her promise which she had made. In essence, Aurelius sees Dorigen s blunder as an opportunity for him to get what he has always longed for. Naturally, although Dorigen goes off in her direction of lamenting for Arveragus, believing herself to be free of Aurelius passionate oppression, Aurelius seeks a way to complete the impossible task inadvertently required for Dorigen s love.

While Dorigen forgets about the discourse that she had with Aurelius, Aurelius eventually finds a virtuous, young scholar who is able to help him remove the jagged rocks from the coasts of Brittaney. The young scholar is a master illusionist who claims that he is able to make it appear as though the rocks were removed, but for an immense sum of money. Aurelius accepts the costs and demands for the wizard s removal of the rocks immediately. Once the wizard completes his task, Aurelius rushes to Dorigen and reminds her of the promise that she made to him. You made a promise which you know must stand/ And gave your plighted troth into my hand/ To love me best, you said, as God above/ Knows, though I be unworthy of you love. (P. 425). This excerpt is very crucial in the plot of the story. What Aurelius is saying is that he knows that he ended up catching her in a mistake and although he is ashamed of it, he stills wants Dorigen because he has loved and longed for her for so long. Aurelius makes Dorigen choose what is more important to her: faith to her husband or to herself.

Реферат на тему Canterbury Tales Franklin

Canterbury Tales, Franklin’s Tale Essay, Research Paper

Throughout the Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer, participants of the pilgrimage tell stories to entertain one another. These stories, while amusing, tend to have an underlying message, one being the Franklin s Tale. The Franklin s Tale is the most moral tale that has been read. It is not told to make the other pilgrims laugh, rather to explain an extremely important lesson. Throughout life, people say many things that are meant to be taken with a grain of salt and not literally, like Sure I ll buy you a car .WHEN PIGS FLY. Well, what would happen if one day pigs did fly? Would the promise be honored? Would it even have been considered a promise? The Franklin effectively illustrates the danger of making such statements in a tale about a man who takes a comment, made in jest, literally.

In order to understand the tale, it is necessary to grasp the nature of the Franklin. The Franklin, as described in the Prologue, is white as a daisy-petal his beard./ A sanguine man, high-coloured and benign. (p. 12). Before the tales of the pilgrims are actually told, Chaucer gives the reader a description of each pilgrim in order to understand the tales from the point of view of each pilgrim. Chaucer creates an affable and pious man with his portrait of the Franklin. The Franklin is a very pure man who is wealthy and kind to all. He has a delicate and plentiful taste for food and wine and is very hospitable. He made his household free to all the County. (p. 12) The Franklin is portrayed as an ideal and righteous noble, unlike most other nobles who are corrupt and take advantage of their wealth and power. Chaucer concludes with one line that effectively characterizes the Franklin; He was a model among landed gentry. (p. 12).

For every other participant of the pilgrimage, Chaucer has some satirical comment about them. Why should the Franklin be any different? There is nothing wrong with the ways of the Franklin except for the fact that he is incredibly pretentious. The Franklin takes his wealth for granted and shows it off to everyone. However, his pompousness should not detract from the story. Although he may by arrogant, he still appears to be incredibly wise and pure. Why does Chaucer speak so highly of the Franklin and spend so much time developing his purity and righteousness? Chaucer uses such eloquent and florid description of the Franklin because he wants to convey to the reader that the Franklin is an honest, wise, and decent man that can be trusted and learned from. In Chaucer s introduction of the Miller, the Miller is represented as a senile old man and then the Miller proceeds to tell a spiteful story. Therefore, concluding that the description of a character directly relates to his tale and its credibility, in his introduction to the Franklin, Chaucer foreshadows, by illustrating the his purity, that the Franklin will have a very powerful and meaningful tale to share with the pilgrims and to the reader.

Before the Franklin begins his story, he lets the whole travelling body know that he is not incredibly skilled in the art of rhetoric, and therefore his tale will not be as engaging as some of the others were. However, the Franklin, aware of the merit of his tale, concludes his introduction by saying Colors of rhetoric to me seem quaint,/ I have no feeling for such things. (P. 409). Colors of rhetoric are the superfluous detail and style of speech. The Franklin is indicating that while grave detail and listener involvement may make his speech more appealing to the group, his tale exists not to only entertain them, but to teach them a very important lesson too. The Franklin seems to be someone who does everything for a reason. As indicated in the Prologue, the Franklin has an expensive and exotic palate for food and he eats food not for the sake of eating but rather for enjoying and savoring that which he loves. He is not portrayed as an obese man and yet Chaucer goes into deep detail when describing food in the Franklin s narrative. Why does Chaucer go into such grave detail about the Franklin s eating habits? The Franklin is a wise man who does everything for a reason. He sees eating exorbitantly as an art. Logically, his tale must have a purpose too. The Franklin implies in the quote that fancy language would only detract from the purpose and from his motive for telling the story. While entertainment is a fundamental motive, it is only secondary to the lesson in which he seeks to convey: be careful what you say.

Before the Franklin even gets to the principal part of his tale, he sets up a rather interesting predicament. A knight of Brittany weds his queen. The marriage laws stated at that time that the male would be the master of the relationship. However, since his wife is also his queen, therefore she may be considered the dominant one in the marriage. Who should be the master? Since both the queen and the knight conclude that they are both equally dominant, then their marriage shall exist where they are both equal. God grant there never be betwixt us twain,/ Through an fault of mine, dispute or strife./ Sir, I will be your true and humble wife,/ Accept my truth of heart, or break, my breast! (P. 410). The queen is saying to her husband that regardless of what endeavors she may encounter, she will always be faithful to him. Before the tale ends, Chaucer will successfully prove the faith of the queen.

The Franklin is setting up a dilemma that will challenge the lady s promise of fidelity to her husband. Following the lady s oath to her husband, the Franklin interrupts his own story to give his perspective of what love is and what will happen in the tale. One of the key lines that the Franklin says is, Love will not be constrained by mastery. (P. 410). The Franklin is implying that if love needs to be fettered by dominance, then it is not love, rather subservience. In this situation between the queen and the knight, he shows that neither of them are the master, they are both equal and henceforth a relationship fastened by love, as love cannot exist in a subservient relationship. The fact that the Queen and knights relationship is based on love will affect a certain outcome in his tale whereas a relationship based on mastery would procure a drastically different one The Franklin proceeds to say that women and men should have their own liberty, suggesting that love should be a mutual relationship, not a dominant relationship. Another main point that the Franklin makes in his personal interlude is that the tolerant will prevail under love. Tolerance and determination will play a large role as a characteristic of the hopeful suitor of the queen in his tale. Finally, the Franklin emphasizes that everyone

Sometimes says or does a wrongful thing;

Rage, sickness, influence of some malign

Star-constellation, temper, woe or wine

Spur us to wrongful words or make us trip.

One should not seek revenge for every slip. (P. 410)

This excerpt is the premise for the entire plot and for the tale. The Franklin tells the moral to the story before he even really gets into it. He has set up a plan that he will follow when he tells his story. Someone who is madly in love with someone else will catch a mistake that their love has made and will exploit it. We can also assume from the passage the proceeded that interruption about the lady s devotion to her husband, that the exploitation of a mistake will test the strength of their marriage. The Franklin has done an incredible job thus far in proving that he does not need rhetoric to capture the group s attention. The actual lesson portion to the tale has yet to begin and already the Franklin has gathered everyone s attention whilst they learn the moral for which he seeks to convey; one should not seek revenge for every slip.

After The Franklin successfully proves Dorigen s, the wife, fidelity to her husband, Arveragus, the Franklin introduces the final main character in his story before setting up the dilemma, Aurelius. Aurelius is a young, rich suitor who has loved Dorigen ever since he set his eyes on her. Aurelius, while admiring Dorigen at a festival one day, encounters her and finally expresses his deep passion that he has bottled up for her for so long. Dorigen is caught off guard and is initially drawn back by the Aurelius remarks. The Lord that gave me soul and life/ I never meant to prove a faithless wife (P. 416). Dorigen, unsurprisingly, reinforces her fidelity and her promises that she had made to her husband prior to their marriage. Dorigen tells Aurelius outright that she is a true wife and has no intention of being unfaithful to Arveragus.

At this point in the story, the Franklin raises the question of whether or not faith to oneself is more important than faith to someone else. The Franklin introduces this thought provoking question immediately following Dorigen s long speech about keeping her fidelity, She added playfully,/ I might perhaps vouchsafe to be your love,/ on the day the coasts of Britanny/ Are stone by stone cleared of these hateful rocks/ By you. (P. 416). After Dorigen completely rejects Aurelius proposals, she feels incredibly bad. Although she was defending her faithfulness to her Arveragus, she completely crushes Aurelius and all of his hopes in one fell swoop. Dorigen offers Aurelius some compensation for her refusal of his love by asking of such an impossible act, creating some prospect for the young suitor. Dorigen does not at all expect the suitor to complete the task, but hopes that her demand will send Aurelius off in a good mood, rather than in a deep depression.

The tale immediately takes its turns problematic as there is a discrepancy in the conversation between Aurelius and Dorigen. Dorigen believes that the conversation was the final time that she would encounter Aurelius and his passion, for requiring an impossible task for him to complete was surely enough of an allusion to her disinterest in cheating on Arveragus. Aurelius, on the other hand, understanding that she has no interest in him or in cheating, takes her required task to heart, for if Dorigen is so faithful a woman, then she will dare not break her promise which she had made. In essence, Aurelius sees Dorigen s blunder as an opportunity for him to get what he has always longed for. Naturally, although Dorigen goes off in her direction of lamenting for Arveragus, believing herself to be free of Aurelius passionate oppression, Aurelius seeks a way to complete the impossible task inadvertently required for Dorigen s love.

While Dorigen forgets about the discourse that she had with Aurelius, Aurelius eventually finds a virtuous, young scholar who is able to help him remove the jagged rocks from the coasts of Brittaney. The young scholar is a master illusionist who claims that he is able to make it appear as though the rocks were removed, but for an immense sum of money. Aurelius accepts the costs and demands for the wizard s removal of the rocks immediately. Once the wizard completes his task, Aurelius rushes to Dorigen and reminds her of the promise that she made to him. You made a promise which you know must stand/ And gave your plighted troth into my hand/ To love me best, you said, as God above/ Knows, though I be unworthy of you love. (P. 425). This excerpt is very crucial in the plot of the story. What Aurelius is saying is that he knows that he ended up catching her in a mistake and although he is ashamed of it, he stills wants Dorigen because he has loved and longed for her for so long. Aurelius makes Dorigen choose what is more important to her: faith to her husband or to herself.

Chaucer - s - The Canterbury Tales - Сustom Literature essay

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Chaucer's "The Canterbury Tales" An exploration of the various perceptions of and attitudes towards marriage, evident in Chaucer's "The Canterbury Tales". 2012, 2740 words, 4 source(s). More Free Term Papers: Chaucer's Knight A character sketch of Chaucer's knight in "The Canterbury Tales". Cheap Labour A paper which discusses the different working mentalities between French Canadians and immigrants coming from various parts of the world. Cheating This paper states that cheating may get you a grade, but that grade sure won't help you in life. Learning to respect yourself is what will. Term Papers on "Chaucer's "The Canterbury Tales" Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales demonstrate many different attitudes toward and perceptions of marriage. Some of these ideas are very traditional, such as that discussed in the Franklin's Tale, and others are more liberal such as the marriages portrayed in the Miller's and the Wife of Bath's Tales. While several of these tales are rather comical, they do indeed give us a representation of the attitudes toward marriage at that time in history. D. W. Robertson, Jr. calls marriage "the solution to the problem of love, the force which directs the will which is in turn the source of moral action" (Andrew, 88). Marriage in Chaucer's time meant a union between spirit and flesh and was thus part of the marriage between Christ and the Church (88).

The Canterbury Tales show many abuses of this sacred bond, as will be discussed below. For example, the Miller's Tale is a story of adultery in which a lecherous clerk, a vain clerk and an old husband, whose outcome shows the consequences of their abuses of marriage, including Nicholas' interest in astrology and Absalon's refusal to accept offerings from the ladies, as well as the behaviors of both with regards to Alison. Still, Alison does what she wants, she takes Nicholas because she wants to, just as she ignores Absalon because she wants to. Lines 3290-5 of the Miller's Tale show Alison's blatant disrespect for her marriage to "Old John" and her planned deceit: That she hir love hym graunted atte laste, And swoor hir ooth, by seint Thomas of Kent That she wol been at his comandement, Whan that she may hir leyser wel espie. "Myn housbonde is so ful of jalousie That but ye wayte wel and been privee.

" On the contrary, Alison's husband loved her more than his own life, although he felt foolish for marrying her since she was so young and skittish. This led him to keep a close watch on her whenever possible. The Miller's main point in his story is that if a man gets what he wants from God or from his wife, he won't ask questions or become jealous; he is after his own sexual pleasure and doesn't concern himself with how his wife uses her "privetee": An housbonde shal nat been inquisityf Of Goddes pryvetee, nor of his wyf. So he may fynde Goddes foyson there, Of the remenant nedeth nat enquere. (MilPro 3163-6) Stories like the Miller's Tale are still popular today, those which claim that jealousy and infidelity arise from marriages between old men and beautiful young women.

The Wife of Bath obviously has a rather carefree attitude toward marriage. She knows that the woes of marriage are not inflicted upon women, rather, women inflict these woes upon their husbands. In setting forth her views of marriage, however, she actually proves that the opposite is true: "Experience, though noon auctoritee Were in this world, is right ynough for me To speke of wo that is in mariage. " (WBPro. 1-3) The Wife of Bath, in her Prologue, proves to her own satisfaction that the Miller's perception of marriage is correct, and then declares that it is indeed acceptable for a woman to marry more than once.

She claims that chastity is not necessary for a successful marriage and that virginity is never even mentioned in the Bible, as is seen in the lengthy passage of lines 59-72 of her prologue: Wher can ye seye in any manere age That hye God defended mariage By expres word? I praye yow, telleth me. Or where comanded he virginitee? I woot as wel as ye, it is no drede, Th'apostl, whan he speketh of maydenhede, He seyde that precept therof hadde he noon: Men may conseille a womman to been oon, But conseillyng is no comandement. He putte it in oure owene juggement. For hadde God comanded maydenhede Thanne hadde he dampned wedding with the dede; And certes, if ther were no seed ysowe, Virginitee, thanne whereof sholde it growe? She later asks where virginity would come from if no one gave up their virginity.

Clearly, the Wife of Bath's Prologue is largely an argument in defense of her multiple marriages than an attempt to prove her idea that "if society was reorganized so that women's dominance was recognized. society would be much improved (Huppe, 110)". Her Prologue depicts women as "a commodity to be bought and used in marriage, one whose economic and religious task was to pay the debt in a society where 'al is for to selle'" (Andrew, 209), although she claims to have control over this process. For example, her first three husbands gave her economic security in exchange for the sexual use of her body. This "degradation of sexual life" in the culture is greatly evoked, and supported by the Church's command to 'pay the debt' (210). The Wife of Bath clearly rebels against male domination with regard to her first three husbands but still accepts the ways in which she survives economically.

Overall, marriage for the Wife of Bath is much more than sexual pleasure; it provides her with a "vast sense of power in the exercise of her sovereignty; it makes her feel the godlike powers which the Serpent promised Eve would follow the eating of the apple. " (Huppe, 117). Through obstinacy, the Wife of Bath declares that a wife will achieve sovereignty in marriage, which is good for both wife and husband as a woman's sovereignty provides for peace. She also sees women as objects and commodities to be purchased, which is probably why she has such a great lack of respect for marriage. On the other hand, the Franklin's tale is one of courtly love and gentillesse and the reader is asked after the tale to decide which of the three male characters has proved the most generous.

The Franklin suggests a marriage of equality, a marriage where the laws of courtesy rule (Huppe, 167). The knight in the Franklin's Tale promised his wife that he would never try to dominate her or show any form of jealousy, and at the same time he would obey any command she gave him (Lines 745-750): Of his free wil he swoor hire as a knight That nevere in al his lif he day ne night Ne sholde upon hime take no maistrye Again hir wil, ne kithe hire jalousye, But hire obeye and folwe hir wil in al, As any lovere to his lady shal-- Arveragus' and Dorigen's love and respect for each other is apparent at many times throughout the course of the tale. Dorigen reciprocates his vow to her in lines 753-760 of the Franklin's Tale: She thanked hym, and with ful greet humblesse She seyde, "Sire, sith of youre gentilesse Ye profre me to have so large a reyne, Ne wolde nevere God bitwixe us tweyne, As in my gilt, were outher werre or strif. Sire, I wol be your humble, trewe wyf, Have heer my trouthe, til that myn herte breste." Thus been they bothe in quiete and in reste.

The Franklin goes on to describe the blissful happiness between Arveragus and Dorigen and goes as far as to say that married couples share a happiness that someone who isn't married couldn't appreciate or measure. This occurs in lines 803-5 of the Franklin's Tale: Who koude telle, but he hadde wedded be, The joye, the ese, and the prosperitee That is bitwixe an housbonde and his wyf? This couple's happiness takes a turn for the worse when Dorigen makes a pledge of copulation to Aurelius in jest and Arveragus makes the noble decision to make Dorigen stand by her word. While one might say the knight was foolish not to fight for his beloved Dorigen, it can be argued that he knew the value of a promise and would go to great lengths to keep his word and honor; both of these views are appreciated by the Franklin. From Alison's adultery and infidelity to Dorigen's faithful love to Arveragus and the Wife of Bath's attitude toward chastity or lack thereof, we have seen Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales portray the concept of marriages in several different ways. Works Cited Chaucer, Geoffrey.

"The Canterbury Tales". The Complete Works of Geoffrey Chaucer. Ed. F. N. Robinson. Cambridge: Riverside Press, 1933.

19-314. Huppe, Bernard F. A Reading of the Canterbury Tales. Albany: State University of New York, 1964. Robertson, D. W.

(1962). "Concepts of Pilgrimage and Marriage". Critical Essays on Chaucer's Canterbury Tales. Ed. M. Andrew. 1st ed.

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8 May 2014. Author: Criticism