Below is an essay on "Apa Format" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.
Making Headers in APA Format
One annoying feature of APA format is that the header on the title page of a document is different from the header on the remaining pages. There are several different ways to prepare your documents so that they follow the right format; the way I do it is to use section breaks to divide the document into two sections, each with its own header.
If you are using Microsoft Word 2003:
1. Type your document. When you’re done, go to your title page.
2. From the task bar at the top of the document window, select “View” and then “Header and Footer”.
3. In the text box that comes up, type your first page header text. Use the “Insert Page Number” button to add your page number. Use tabs and spacing to get your page number to the correct location on the page. Close the header.
4. On the title page, go down to the school affiliation, which should be the last line of text on that page. Hit the “Enter” key so that you are now on the line below that.
5. From the task bar at the top of the document window, select “Insert”, then “Break”. In the window that pops up, select “Next page” under the part labeled “Section break types”.
6. Go to the top of the second page of your document. Double-click on the header to open it. In the menu that comes up, you will see a highlighted box labeled “Link to Previous”. Click that button so it is no longer highlighted.
7. Modify your text in the header on the top of the second page. Don’t mess with the page number. Close the header menu. Your document should now have two sections with different headers.
If you are using Microsoft Word 2007 or 2010:
1. Type your document. When you’re done, go to your title page.
2. From the task bar at the top of the document window, select “Insert” and then “Header”.
3. Insert your page number, selecting the option that puts it at the far right of the page.
4. Next to the page number, type your first page header.
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APA style was created by the American Psychological Association in order to standardize the formatting of papers written on social and behavioral sciences. Its manual has rules defining all the aspects of writing, thus making it easier for the authors to both format their own papers and work with the works written by other people.
There are several widely accepted formatting styles, every one dealing with a particular set of sciences, and the APA style is one of them. So, if you plan to write something dealing with psychology or sociology, you should learn some things about it :
These are the most general guidelines for the APA style; here we have mentioned mostly the citation rules, but keep in mind that it has instructions for various other aspects of writing, so don’t forget to familiarize yourself with the Manual before you start writing.
It is very important to learn all the tricky moments before you start working, for if you put it off until the last day, you may suddenly face the perspective of remaking the whole of your paper. Don’t let this happen and use correct formatting from the stage of writing drafts. It is also recommended to write down all the information considering sources you take as a basis at the stage of literature research so as not to forget some important details.
In order to see an essay with properly formatted references and bibliography, view the corresponding sample .
Title of Paper
Triple click your mouse anywhere in this paragraph to replace this text with your introduction. Often the most important paragraph in the entire essay, the introduction grabs the reader's attention—sometimes a difficult task for academic writing. When writing an introduction, some approaches are best avoided. Avoid starting sentences with “The purpose of this essay is. ” or “In this essay I will. ” or any similar flat announcement of your intention or topic. Read more: Center for Writing Excellence>Tutorials and Guides>Guidelines for Writing Academic Essays.
Level One Heading
Replace the level one heading with the words for your heading. The heading must be in bold font. Headings are a necessary part of helping your audience track the sub-topics discussed in the body of the essay or report.
Be sure to indent the first line of each paragraph between five and seven spaces by pressing the Tab key one time on the keyboard. In addition, remember to double space the entire paper using the double space functionality in Word. This template is already formatted for double spacing. Read more: Center for Writing Excellence>Tutorials and Guides>Software Tutorials and Guides>Microsoft Tips and Tools.
In addition, keep in mind an academic essay should contain at least five paragraphs, which includes the introduction (introductory paragraph), the body (which is generally at least 3 paragraphs), and the conclusion (generally one paragraph). Most well-developed paragraphs contain at least 3-5 sentences, one of which is the topic sentence. Limit each body paragraph to one sub-topic.
Level Two Heading
Replace the level two heading with the words for your heading. The heading must be in bold font. Read more about APA headings on the APA Style Blog.
The closing paragraph is designed to bring the reader to your way of thinking if y
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Standard APA Format
Title Page 1. One-inch margins all around--bottom, top, sides In Microsoft Word Go to the File menu > Page Setup
• Margins should be set to 1” on the top, bottom, left, and right.
In Word Perfect Go to File > Page Set-Up > Click on Margins and Layout Tab>
• Make sure all margins read one inch. It should already be done for you.
2. 3. Page numbers on all pages in upper right hand corner a. The page number must be on all pages of the paper, including the title page. Your title page should begin with a running header containing the title of the paper. The following example of a running head is formatted for APA: a. Running head: A SAMPLE PAPER ACCORDING TO THE PUBLICATION MANUAL b. The running head, or abbreviated title, appears only on the title page. It is in upper case and must not exceed 50 characters, including punctuation and spaces. If the title of your paper is lengthy, end the running head at the end of a word; do not split the word. Type the running head flush at the left margin, approximately four lines, or two double-spaces below the page header. The term running head is included, as illustrated on page 306 of the manual, but is not counted as part of the 50 characters and is not upper case. 4. Title should be centered a. The title of the paper is typed in upper and lower case letters, and is centered between the left and right margins and positioned in the upper half of the page. If the title is two or more lines in length, double space between the lines. b. If the title of your paper is only one or two words, the page header, running head and paper title will be identical. 5. The byline and institutional affiliation come next. The author's name (your name) is typed in upper and lower case letters and is centered on the line, one double-space below the last line of the title. The institutional affiliation or class is also typed in upper and lower case, is centered on the line, and is one double-space below.
It’s been my experience that there are two kinds of people in this world: those who can handle chaos and are happy to let the pieces fall where they may, and those of us who chase those people around trying to prevent disarray in the first place.
We like neatness. Tidiness. Orderliness.
And consistent formatting. Mmm.
So when your teacher asks you to use APA essay format for your paper and you have only the vaguest idea of what that means, you definitely want one of us in your camp.
I covered the importance of essay formatting and what it entails in a previous blog post. So go check it out if you haven’t already. I’ll wait here.
In this post, we’re going to drill down into the specifics of APA formatting and how to ensure your essay looks just right.What Is APA Essay Format?
“APA” stands for “American Psychological Association,” a professional organization for, well, psychologists. However, the organization’s official style guide, which is called the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. is used by students and professionals in a number of disciplines.
If your teachers ask you to use APA essay format, then they simply mean to use the formatting guidelines laid out in this manual. The manual tells you how to handle everything from the width of your essay’s margins to the citations for your sources.
Chances are, your library has a copy of the full Publication Manual for your perusal, which can be really handy when you have a very specific question.
But if you just want to quickly learn the basics and turn in a tidy, well-formatted essay, keep reading!What Are the Most Important Elements of APA Essay Format?
General page setup
There are a couple of little formatting details you can take care of right off the bat as they will apply to your entire paper.
First, be sure you set your margins to 1 inch all the way around your document.
Secondly, be sure to choose a font that is clear and readable. The APA recommends 12-pt Times New Roman, but you could also go wild and use Helvetica, Georgia, Arial, or Calibri.
Last but not least, the entire document—from the cover page to the reference list—should be double-spaced with paragraphs indented 1/2 an inch.Running head and page numbers
One of the distinguishing features of an APA-formatted essay is the running head. This is a short version of your title—fewer than 50 characters—that appears in the header of your document, justified with the left margin.
On the first page of your essay, usually the cover page, the running head is preceded by the words “Running head” followed by a colon. On subsequent pages, though, the running head is just the title.
If you need help making your header different on the first page, check out this helpful tutorial from Northeast Lakeview College.
Don’t you feel better just thinking about snuggling with it?
Pro tip: Make sure that your running head is descriptive enough to give the reader some idea of the content. If the title of your paper is “Never Too Old: The Calming Effects of Blankies for College Students,” for instance, your running head should be something like “EFFECTS OF BLANKIES FOR COLLEGE STUDENTS” rather than “NEVER TOO OLD” or just “BLANKIES.”
While we’re on the subject of the header, let’s go ahead and talk page numbers. In APA style, you include the page number in the header of every page. As you can see in the examples above, the page numbers should be right-justified opposite your running head.Cover page
Another key element of APA essay format is the cover page. While the use of a cover page is not unique to APA, the manual does specify a preferred layout, which includes not only the aforementioned running head, but also the following elements:
These items are roughly centered on the top half of the page and, like the rest of your essay, are double-spaced.
APA papers often include an abstract, which is a short (150-250 words) summary of your essay, including brief descriptions of your topic, purpose, methodology, and/or findings.
The point of an abstract is to inform potential readers of your essay’s topic and purpose so that they can determine whether the essay is useful or relevant to their own research.
Whether you need to include an abstract depends partially on the whims of your instructor, so if you aren’t sure, just ask!
Assuming that you need to write one, let’s talk formatting.
You should center the word “Abstract” (no quotes, not bold or italicized) at the top of the page. Your abstract should be double-spaced with the first line justified with the left margin (usually, an abstract is a single paragraph, so there’s no need to indent).
While it’s not required, it’s not a bad idea to include keywords beneath your abstract if there’s a chance it will be included in a database as keywords make it easier to locate. Simply type “Keywords” below the abstract—indenting as though you’re starting a new paragraph—and then include a few relevant keywords, separated by commas.
Check out this example:
Main body The title and intro
After formatting the abstract, move to a fresh, new page to begin the body section of your paper. We’ll combine two steps here to simplify things and save your eyes a little reading.
First, you need to restate the title of your paper. This serves as a label to signify the start of the actual paper.
I know, it seems sort of silly with the running head right there for all the world to see. But silliness aside, it is an APA requirement, so we’ll comply.
Then, it’s time to set up the introduction.
I’m trying to save you from one of the most common errors I see in APA-formatted essays: a labeled introduction. You see, the folks at the APA assume that readers are smart enough to know that the first section of a paper is the introduction. (And really, aren’t they right?)
Nothing will implode if you label it. Even professors mistakenly tell you to do so on occasion. But now, even if that happens, you can feel that swell of smug pride that comes with knowing how it’s supposed to be done.
Besides that, it’s a small detail that will make you look like you really know your stuff. Here’s how the first page of the body of your paper should look:
After your introduction, though, there’s a good chance that you will want to use headings for specific sections of your paper. Let’s look at how you should handle those.
In APA, there are five levels of headings. A level 1 heading is a “main” heading, such as “Literature Review” or “Methodology.” Level 2 headings are subheadings of level 1 headings, and level 3 headings are subheadings of level 2 headings, and so forth.
Each heading has its own specific format, as you can see in the table below.
Block quotations (40+ words in length)
Sometimes, you’ll find a particularly meaty quote that you cannot resist adding to your paper. Just remember that, if the quotation is more than 40 words in length, you need to create a block quotation.
In APA style, this means that you start the quotation on a fresh line, indenting the entire quotation by ½ inch. You do not include quotation marks around it, either.
The closing punctuation also goes immediately after the text of the quote, and no period goes after the parenthetical citation. Check out these examples from the APA blog to see block quotes in action.Reference list
We’ve covered the formatting of APA references pretty extensively in past posts. Read APA Citation Made Simple (it includes a handy infographic!) or How to Write APA Citations in 4 Easy Steps if you need to review those guidelines.
However, there are a few formatting details to note for the overall page:
Here’s an example reference list:
APA Essay Format: Putting It All Together (Plus Some Handy Resources)
Annnnd … that’s the end of the paper! You’re done formatting. You can totally remember all of this, right? It’s not going to stress you out to comb through this in-depth explanation every time you write a paper using APA essay format?
… yeah, I thought it might.
That’s why I made you a handy checklist:
You can print it out, mark it up, doodle your crush’s name in the margins—oh, and check off all of these APA formatting concerns as you revise or edit your paper.
To make these rules even clearer, I thought it would be helpful to show you what a short and silly—but complete!—essay looks like in APA format. Click the link below to open the paper in Google Docs.
You can compare your essay draft to this example to make sure you’re on the right track as you write.
You can also view an additional example at the Purdue OWL’s APA site.
The APA Style Blog is another fantastic and authoritative resource for all things style-related, including some lengthier discussions and rationales for some of the style guide’s more obscure rules and preferences.
Just remember: writing the actual content is the hard part. Formatting your essay is simply a matter of plugging the right information into the right locations.
With the checklist and example essay I’ve provided, you have the tools you need to format an APA-style paper that would make even the neatest neat freak proud.
Need a second set of eyes to make sure everything is just right? Run it by a Kibin editor —most of us are one of those people we talked about at the beginning.
The APA Essay Format is a style of writing developed by the American Psychological Association and is generally accepted as one of the standard ways to structure essays and research papers for students in social sciences and business. The APA Essay Format includes rules on margins, spacing, formatting, headings, and the citation of resources. Instructors who require APA essay format often lower grades of students who fail to follow the APA guidelines, and it is therefore important to understand exactly how to use those guidelines properly.
APA essay writing can be daunting for students who do not have experience writing in that format, but BestEssayWriting.org can assist students with proper APA essay writing.
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Essay writing tips:
American Psychological Association has offered a unique system of citation for APA styleheadings for different sections or sub sections within a document. It is a fact that previous editions from 1 st to 5 th APA manuals for. the referencing guidelines for headings were not very clear. However, the 6 th edition of APA manual not only simplifies but also revises the previously adopted guidelines.APA Format For Headings and Sub-Headings
In the most recent APA formatfor headings and subheadings. five levels are adopted. These levels are always used in order. Each level has its own separate format.Level One Heading in APA Format
The format of level 1 involves headings in upper as well as lowercase alphabets with boldface and centered aligned.Level Two Heading in APA Format
The headings in this level should be boldface and left- aligned in upper as well as lowercase alphabets.Level Three Heading in APA Format
In this level, headings are supposed to be indented have boldface in lowercase letters involving a period. The main body of the text just begins after the period.APA Style Fourth Level Heading
Level 4 heading also involves lowercase letters and it should not only be bold and indented but also italicized. This heading also involves period with the main body of the text just after the period.Fifth Level Heading in APA Format
The heading comes under level 5 should not be bold. However, it must be indented and italicized with lowercase letters and a period in the end. Same like level 3 and level 4 headings, text should be started just after the period.APA Format for Headings and Sub- Headings: Examples
Thus, in APA citation format . if an article has five sections as some may have while others may not, however, the level of the headings ought to be done and adopted in order. For example, level 1 involves the section headings, sub sections should be formatted in level 2 formatting pattern where subdivisions of the subsections involve formatting pattern of level 3. Some examples are enclosed here for the better understanding of APA format for headings and subheadings.
Sociological Approaches to Cultural Diversity (Level 2)
Organizational Approaches to Cultural Diversity (Level 2)
Consumer Behavior Approaches to Cultural Diversity (Level 2)
The above mentioned example clearly depicts APA style heading format at different levels. However, free APA templates and sample APA format papers can also be accessed for better understanding of APA format for headings.