POVERTY AND SOCIAL STRUCTURES
Although the United States is one of the richest countries in the world many of it’s people sleep in the streets, dig through garbage cans to find food, and carry all that they own in this world on their backs or in shopping carts. These people are known as the homeless. Recently I had the opportunity of helping, and at the same time being educated by one of the members of this unfortunate group. I was able to experience first hand how a homeless person thinks and feels through an intimate means of communications popularly known as writing notes. Why writing notes? Because the individual that I invited into my home and fed was both deaf and mute. He was male, middle aged, and of African American decent. Needless to say it was a “conversation” unlike any I have ever had. In this paper, I plan to detail the observations I made during our interaction, specifically addressing how social structures form a key element in both the lives of the affluent and indigent.
I met Reggie through some of my friends. He was homeless and in need of help. One night he knocked on my door and wrote on his piece of paper, “may I come in?” I nodded affirmatively and motioned him to have a seat on the couch. After retrieving a pad of paper and pen, we began to communicate. We began with a couple of trivial questions and then I asked if he would like something to eat. He responded by writing “yes please” on his pad of paper and I quickly prepared some of the food we had in our refrigerator. As he ate, I asked him about himself and how he had arrived at the position he was currently in. He said he was from Virginia and was Mormon. He had been baptized there and learned that there were a large number of Mormons in Utah, and for that reason decided to move to out here. He had a car and so he packed his few belongings and came out to live with a people “who had the love of Christ and would be more accepting.” He obtained a minimum wage job and even a small apartment. Things seemed to be going good.
After a short period of time Reggie lost his job because he missed too many days without notifying his employer, a result of his genetic disabilities, and shortly after could not pay rent. At the time I talked with him he was living in his old beat up car, trying to find a meal. Why did Reggie find himself in this impoverish state, and why was he unable to climb out of it? I believe it is largely because of social structures, namely his networks.
When individuals form networks or groups they tend to associate with those who are like them. Equity theory explains this by claiming that people are most satisfied with a relationship when the ratio between benefits and contributions is similar for both partners. This would infer that networks would exist between those within a specific class but not across classes. By forming associations with those of equitable status, the rich form a very supportive network and the poor form a network that can sympathize with their situation at best. Networks are vital to class mobility in that they are critical in molding life chances, providing resources, and presenting options. Reggie was African American, deaf and mute. He could only communicate by writing things down, a slow process, which required a great amount of patience. There are not many people similar to Reggie in the world, let alone in Utah. Forming a social relationship was hard for Reggie and the friends he did have were mostly of low economic status.
The family forms a microstructure that produces both economic support and opportunities. The extent of economic support is primarily determined by the financial status of the family. The more affluent one’s family the greater amount of resources it has to assure that the basic needs of its members are fulfilled. This has a determining impact on children from a young age. Being born in a poor family significantly affects a child’s necessity to obtain employme
nt, working hours, future education, earnings, stress, and lifestyle choices. These factors combine to make class mobility difficult at best. The dynamics of an individual’s family significantly affect his/her life chances. An affluent family will more than likely be involved in a social network consisting of many other prominent, wealthy families. The ramifications of these associations will effect all areas of an individual’s life. Most importantly, they will provide many options for aggrandizement in these areas. Coming from a low-income family, Reggie did not have the option to receive an education that would allow him to learn to overcome his genetic flaws and communicate effectively. When he was faced with a crisis situation economically, his family did not have the resources to help him, nor did the poor families in his neighborhood with whom the family associated. Although Reggie began to move upward upon moving to Utah, he discovered that even the people with the love of Christ could not be of absolute help. This brings me to another social network, religious associations.
Reggie attended church on an active basis. He went to the meetings although he could not understand well. Although you would think he could form a religious based social network, I gathered that he had not. Due to his communication barrier and often having to work on Sunday, it was difficult for him to form meaningful social relationships at church. I have wondered how his trials might have been different if he had a religious social network. With a large religious network he might have been able to overcome his economic problems. It would be safe to assume that had Reggie had more options such as job networking in order to find another job, or maybe receiving a loan, the crisis situation could have been overcome.
The structure of the educational system has a substantial effect on the lives of many who have conditions similar to those of Reggie. The educational structure does not afford the necessary training and development for those with genetic handicaps. The public school system frankly does not have adequate programs for those who need extensive amounts of help but can not afford it. After high school or its equivalent, educational development is primarily on a volunteer basis and available only to those with the time and money. Those that either do not meet the criteria or simply do not have the resources necessary to complete or further their education, continue their lives without the skills necessary for advancement. This lack of training and skill development becomes extremely consequential throughout an individual’s life course.
The social structure of the job market governs one’s employment patterns. For the indigent it is oftentimes difficult just to break into the job market. Obtaining employment requires going through the interviewing process. To succeed in a job search one must have access to a shower or method of bathing, the supplies of personal hygiene, and a clean set of clothes. Once the basic necessities of life are met one must work on social skills that will make him/her a desired commodity. To move up in employment in our society one must have the qualifications of the job. This usually means an advanced degree or special experience or training. It is often difficult to obtain the necessary resources needed to complete an advanced degree or certificate program.
Poverty is a problem that effects us both at the individual and societal levels. Many of the social structures in our society not only sustain the level of poverty in our nation, but also further it. The upward movement of individuals into higher classes is largely determined by characteristics of those in their networks. These networks prescribe life chances, the options that will be available to him/her, and the resources that he/she may call upon. Social structures form a key element in the lives of those that pertain to all classes and are a major source of class stability. I think it is safe to conclude that the poor stay poor and the rich get richer because of those around them and the support they provide.
Social difference is dismissed as either natural to, or inherent in, the human species. The attitude of the Society toward such differences where they nevertheless exist is then discussed. It is concluded that the Society has obligations to the poor and disadvantaged which are limited only by its commitment to its Aim. It is also found that the enduring poor gain and enjoy moral superiority over their more fortunate contemporaries.
The moral stance of the Society of HumanKind on social difference in human society rests on the Principles of Unity and Peace. Those Principles, and other implications of the Axioms and Dogma, are applied to this aspect of our social lives in the Treatise on the Individual. The Treatise dismisses the possibility that social difference is natural to the human condition or inherent in our species. The conclusion must be that such differences as do exist in our societies, whether based on standing, status, power or on any other criterion, are a consequence of our own actions, or of our inability to control all those factors in our environment that have an influence on our social life.
The uncertainty of all human knowledge and understanding, set out in the Treatise on Knowledge, reinforces that conclusion. The limit on our ability to understand ourselves, or grasp all that affects us in our environment described in that Treatise is such that it leaves open the possibility that we may never be able to determine fully, or control effectively, the structure and outcome of our relationships with each other. In effect, the Treatise suggests that we may not have the faculties or abilities required to eliminate difference between individuals within our societies.
In sum, the first founding book of the Society, the 'Foundations', rejects difference between individuals as an inherent or natural condition of human society while accepting that it may nevertheless be unavoidable. However, 'Foundations' does not then go on to discuss the question raised by that conclusion, i.e. that of the attitude of the Society toward that aspect of our social order where it exists. That issue is examined in this Essay.
It is best to begin the discussion by repeating the inference drawn from the Axioms, Dogma and Principles in the Treatise on the Individual. Acceptance of the Axioms and choice of the Dogma removes the possibility of there being any necessary correlation between the social position of an individual and their merit or value. The Society will reject any implicit judgement of the worth of any individual based on their occupation of any particular position in our social hierarchy during life. Final adjudication on that issue must always be deferred to the period beyond the achievement of the Objective of the Dogma.
However, as has already been noted, that stance does not address the problem of the attitude the Society of HumanKind and its membership should take toward social difference. In particular, it provides no advice or guidance on whether they should tolerate hierarchical systems of social relationships or willingly accept any social position other than one of their own choosing.
To the first of those issues the Principle of Progress applies. It requires adherents of the Society to accept the need for a level of social order which is compatible with the maintenance of the Conditions of the Dogma, a demand also directly derived from an acceptance of the Axioms and choice of the Dogma. When the effect of the Principle of Unity is added to that of Progress it is clear that social difference can properly be tolerated by those who choose the Dogma. The Society and its adherents can therefore accept such distinctions where they can be seen to be necessary to maintain the level of social order required by the Conditions of the Objective of the Dogma and the Aim of the Society.
If however, human society ever progresses to the point at which social difference is no longer necessary for those purposes then, at that moment, all followers of the Dogma, and thus every adherent of the Society of HumanKind, will cease to regard difference and disadvantage as justified. They will come to that conclusion even if those features of our society remain unavoidable due to our inability, identified by the Treatise on Knowledge, to effect the changes in our social structures that would finally remove them.
That stance of the Society has a consequence for the second issue raised earlier - that of the attitude of members of the Society to their own social position. While social distinctions and disadvantages do remain either necessary or unavoidable to the maintenance of the Conditions of the Dogma, they must be endured by all who choose the Aim of the Society. That requirement on adherents to the Society arises from the Principle 3.2. Every adherent of the Society of HumanKind should therefore be prepared to accept and tolerate whatever social position it falls to them occupy in life.
However, that tolerance should not preclude them from striving to change or improve their social standing or advantage, provided always that they do not breach the Principle of Peace in consequence. The Society requires all its adherents to confine any self-serving effort they may make to improve their own lot strictly within the limits set by their overriding obligation to discharge their Responsibility to further its Aim. Which, in simple terms, means that they should not put the stability of our social order at risk by any attempt they may make to change their social, political or economic standing.
By an extension of that individual precept it follows that the only acceptable justification for any purposeful effort by the Society as a whole to change a pattern of hierarchical relationships, or the social structures that support such distinctions within any human society, arises from its obligation to pursue its Aim. Only the pursuit of that vital purpose will allow the Society, in rare and unusual circumstances, to seek to use its authority to bring about a change in the degree of difference or disadvantage as between individuals or groups within any community. Even then such action by the Society should only emerge as an incidental adjunct to actions designed and clearly intended to achieve its Aim or discharge its Responsibility to its successors.
The negative form of that argument can be set out to reinforce the point being made. None of the exceptions mentioned in this Essay will justify a forceful change in either the position of an individual or the structure of any society when it is undertaken solely for the purpose of increasing, removing or reducing social difference as such. The limitation on the range of choice available to the Society in these matters is set by the Principle of Progress. The Society and its adherents should always tolerate an unjust or unequal social system, or a position of personal disadvantage, rather than risk our future by unnecessarily tampering with the continued stability of the society on which our survival and progress, and hence the achievement of the Aim of the Society, depends.
It will be apparent that the privileged in any particular social system will more easily accept these restrictions and requirements than those who may be disadvantaged by them. It is on the poor and dispossessed of our communities, however that disadvantage may be defined, that the weight of the discipline of the Principles will fall most heavily, a burden which will be especially irksome to adherents of the Society who may find themselves amongst the disadvantaged. They will clearly appreciate that their endurance and tolerance will benefit, not simply themselves, but equally those who might seem to be their oppressors. They will know that the whole of humanity will be the beneficiaries if their sufferings contribute to a realisation of the Aim of the Society.
What comfort then, can the Society of HumanKind offer the poor? First, the Society can support the disadvantaged by an affirmation and proclamation of the moral credit they gain by their endurance of suffering during life for the benefit of others. The Society will value their patience under an unjust imbalance in human society, recognising and appreciating it as a proper effort to discharge their wider obligation to protect the Conditions of the Dogma. It will acknowledge and proclaim that their tolerance of disadvantage contains an element of altruism and self-sacrifice that justifies a position of moral superiority by the poor over their more fortunate fellows.
Secondly, the Society can comfort the disadvantaged by placing a constant injunction on all its more fortunate members to honour and respect the enduring poor, and always have in mind their sacrifice made for us all. The outward expression of that obligation must be an acknowledgement by all adherents that they should give thanks to the poor for their endurance in foregoing all the comforts, benefits and securities available in our present social life in order to allow the whole of humanity to gain the apotheosis which will follow a realisation of the Aim of the Society of HumanKind.
However, the Society and its members should not otherwise ignore the suffering of the poor, nor fail to mitigate their privations in ways that do not conflict with the maintenance of a social order permissible under the Principle of Progress. The Principle of Peace imposes a general injunction on the Society that it should foster the full development of every individual as a requirement for the achievement of the Objective of the Dogma, and hence the realisation of its Aim. Accordingly, the Society is under as clear an obligation never to forget the poor, nor ever cease to have their individual welfare, progress and development in mind, as it is to promote and protect the stability of our society.
All an application of the Principle of Progress to this question implies is that the concern of the Society for the improvement of the conditions of the poor should always be limited by the need to protect the social stability and continuity on which the survival and progress of our species depend. There are some difficult distinctions to be made here, and much for the Councils and Committees of the Society to ponder.
Finally, the poor for their part should draw comfort from the teachings of the Society in the Treatise on Morality and elsewhere, on the subject of our salvation and our life following the realisation of its Aim. From that source will come an understanding that to endure a life of poverty and privation in life is to accumulate wealth and standing in our immortal epoch, when all the moral debts and credits of our mortal era can be fully and finally reconciled.
Poverty is an issue which society faces each day. It is a constant struggle that cannot be ignored. Defeating poverty would take great efforts and contributions from all. Canada and the third world are examples of countries which are experiencing poverty, yet each differ in different ways. Once seeing the multitudes of condominiums, expensive restaurants, and streets jammed with cars, one would never see Canada as a place suffering from hunger, lack of food or clothing. Yet poverty exists. Poverty in Canada
cannot be compared to that of a 3rd world country, since many of the poor have access to transportation and television. What people lack is ability to see the inadequate nutrition overcrowded housing and chronic
unemployment. "A visitor to Canada from Africa or Asia, if told if told that there is a widespread poverty in this country, might find the statement hard to credit."(Schlesinger 89) In most places, the poor are
thought to be isolated, away from shopping zones as well as residential areas. They are seen as a crowded cluster, living in shantytowns drinking a bottle of whisky, uselessly lying there in search for a job, or some method of employment. This is just one of the stereotypes given to the poor person, we must first define poverty. Individuals and families whose financial resources and/or other resources (including educational and occupational skills, the condition of the environment at home and at work, and material possessions) fall seriously below those commanded by the average person or family in society, are in poverty. (Schlesinger 105) The "poverty line", is a method used by the government to determine the number of poor people living in a certain area. It is based on an individual's income. Anyone below the annual level of income is classified as being poor. Who Are Our Poor? The Special Senate Committee on Poverty, using a poverty line, calculated that "approximately five million Canadians live in pove.Related Essays:
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Many citizens have become ruthless victims from poverty. Perhaps some of these people could have prevented their socioeconomic downfall by
planning decisions and setting goals. There are many things that they must decide to do in order to eliminate themselves from being a victim of
downward mobility. For each of their important decisions they have to set goals to reach. However, should they start falling from their
socioeconomic status, they must be prepared to cope with the situations.
Most theorists would agree that there are two factors that influence downward mobility. The rich and the poor. As one moves from one
class to another there are a number of changes that take place. Some can
be large and some can be small. People would think that small changes would not be as significant as large changes. The real truth is that people do not realize that the little small changes add up to equal a large change. Changes lay the foundation for which type of person will belong to a certain social stratification. Anytime a change occurs one must beware that they might be entering into a crisis. In the Chinese culture, if one would break up the word crisis, they would find that the word means opportunity and danger-threat. One might gather that the word crisis is bad, but it could also relate to a good situation. What the word crisis is trying to say is that it is a dangerous situation where there is opportunity at the same time. People who are in a crisis must evaluate their situational priorities and the available opportunities.
Karl Marx might argue "capitalism would inevitably cause the expansion of the lumpenproletariat"(Kornblum 235). Luck plays a major part in capitalism. The more often one examines their situation, they are more likely to improve their personal gain. I believe that luck is where opportunity meets preparedness. When opportunity arises, one must be prepared to.
Custom Poverty and Homelessness.
The state of deprivation due to the lack of necessities is called poverty. It is the inability to meet the basic needs like access to clean water, education, health, clothing and shelter etc. It is the state of lacking the socially acceptable level of monetary or mental possession. World Bank defines poverty as a pronounced deprivation in well-being and It includes low incomes and the inability to acquire the basic goods and services necessary for survival with dignity. Scarcity of basic needs, barriers to opportunities due to illiteracy, high cost of getting education and high competition are some of the basic causes of poverty. Poverty affects the health of poor people badly.
A poor person can be described by disease, hunger and less education. Poverty has made it impossible for people to have housing. Violence is increasing as the effect of poverty. That has made slavery and human trafficking a common practice in the world. UN reports that the most common trafficking is in the form of prostitution and poverty pushes them to put their self respect, dignity and moral values aside for the sake of food, clothing and shelter. Child abuse, drug abuse and other such practices are also common.
At any given point, about 13 to 17 percent of the US population is living under the poverty line. In 2009, Reuters reported a 15 years high in the poverty rate of U.S. The official threshold set by US government in order to measure poverty in the sense of lack of those items taken for granted by mainstream society members. The most striking situation is the fact that the poverty in U.S is increasing to record highs and its approaching the levels of 1960. It is worth consideration to take measures to avoid any war like the national war on poverty. Data from Agriculture department and Census bureau of America was used by Feeding American claiming 3.5 million children (under 5 years) at the risk of hunger.
It has come to my attention that Poverty and Homelessness has become a great concern in our society. When I compared populations in America, the disparities in health, income, education etc were striking. I present a comparison between two ethnicities i-e American Indians and Hispanics.
This chart analyses the Disparities between two special populations of America. The data shows that the educational, economic and health conditions of American Indians are better than Hispanic/Latino Groups. In spite of low population of American Indians they are better off when compared to Hispanics/Latinos. The percentage population of American Indians who was infected by HIV in 2007 was only 0.4% as compared to 27% of the Hispanics/Latinos. The education level is nearly the same at Bachelor’s level with a difference of only 1.5%.
But there are higher disparities at Post Graduation level. Parental Care is also better in American Indians population. The poverty level of American Indians is comparatively higher than Hispanics. There has been nearly equal number of Initiatives taken to improve the living status of each group. More disparities are found in health care especially for infectious diseases like HIV. There needs to be more vigilant initiatives to be taken to enhance the health standard of these groups.
I have observed the symptoms of poverty and homelessness in my surrounding. It has intrigued me to think critically about the solutions. Poverty not only affects the person inwardly, it affects his personality, attitude and outlook too. I experienced that the immigrants are facing real problems due to it. Hispanics are the people who are in the clenches of poverty in a greater percentage.
Precarious livelihoods are the fate of poor people I observed. They have to live in excluded locations away from the main frame areas. Gender relationships between poor are different. They find difficulty in knitting the knot with other people living in the same society. Mostly it is due to unwelcoming behavior of privileged people. They find a lack of security because they don’t have any belonging which could prove to be helpful in need and they don’t even have a roof to cover them.
The treatment of those in power is abusive and un-empathetic. People like us, normally don’t and probably can’t feel the pain of suffering of those people. They are never empowered and kept away from taking part in policies and procedures of important nature. Their opinions are given a light weight. Due to this type of interaction, the poor and homeless people are victimized by limited capabilities. Their bonding with the community weakens more and more by such ignorance of other people.
My suggested solution to the problem of Homelessness and Poverty includes many ways. The most basic one is education. There is a high correlation between income and education. When people will be educated, they will have better chances to work and they will be earning more. In this way they will not be deprived of necessities of life.
Advocacy at every level is the dire need of the hour. In this way, public policy and decision of allocating resources will be affected in all the systems like social, political and economic. Public speaking, media campaigns, public research and commissioning should be done to understand and fulfill the needs of deprived people and bring them out of the vicious circle of poverty. The poor should also be involved in decision making related to them. They ,being the noble citizens of the state, must be given opportunities to argue, set agenda and speak up for their rights on an organized platform. Their voices must be listened carefully.
Our legislation should never forget that their main concern should be the rehabilitation of underprivileged people. Such laws should be made which could give special treatment to the poor. State housing needs to be increased. Public health facilities targeting the immigrants and homeless people should be brought. Such laws should be made that the poor from various special populations should be given admissions in school, colleges and universities. A quota system can be established to fill out a specific number of seats at educational institutions by such people. Violent and immoral outcome due to poverty should be kept in mind and must be discouraged. Such activities should be observed keenly and resolved vigilantly because we have to save our systems from such misdoings due to poverty. Food bank should be established and fulfill the needs of such people.
All the people of US need to join hands in uplifting the standard of living of their fellow Americans. Charity and social work should be done on voluntary basis and on continuous basis. Our community needs to be organized so that we can fight against this evil which creates disparities within our nation and created distances among us.
There should be a detailed record of each population, the level of income, educational facilities, health facilities, and shelter etc. When we will have record, then the efforts will be directed properly and in the right direction. Our government and non-government working for poverty alleviation should be given special facilities regarding research and availability of funds.
The immigrants’ issues must be resolved. Most of the people who experience homelessness are immigrants. We should make sure that their needs are fulfilled adequately. Insurance and health facilities should be given to them without any discrimination.
It is not sufficient to supplement the income of poor people by giving aid in the form of food stamps etc. Rather, work needs to be done on its eradication. Self-sufficiency of such people is the only solution.
Adequate housing options for Single Men, Pregnant women, Women, Children and at least one special interest group.( i.e. Persons Living with AIDS, Mental Health patients, parents in the child welfare system)
Housing has become an extremely worth-considering issue. In the 21 st century, the number of women who are homeless has continued to grow substantially. It is observed that homeless women begin to suffer with chronological problems earlier than the homeless women. They are more vulnerable to sex abuse due to homelessness.
Pregnant women, on the other hand, face intense problems of taking care of themselves during pregnancy. Stress level is found very high among such women. These effects can cause serious psychological problems affecting the health of their yet to born child.
Single men are also seen homeless very commonly. Drug abuse is found very common. They suffer from mental and physical problems. Unemployment and joblessness leave them deprived of any house. They have to sleep in streets.
The most lovable creature on earth, the children, are also a victim of brutal poverty. They have to work when other people study. They have to suffer from physical and biological problems. They get mature before maturity because of the brutalities and suffering of life in poverty. Their grooming is not adequate and up to the mark. Their education, health and entertainment suffer.
It is a fact that the rate of criminal victimization is common in homeless people as compared to those who have homes. People suffering from deadly diseases like AIDS are left in solitude and ignorance. They don’t have food, money or home. Their situation is found more miserable than any animal.
We need to step up and join our hands to help eradicate poverty and homelessness. Women should be given special opportunities to earn their living under safe atmosphere and an adequate site to stay. Such programs should be initiated where they get all the amenities of life. Their life should be safe from problems.
Pregnant women should be registered in hospitals where they could get care and treatment. The months of pregnancy should be carefully administered. After delivery, adequate arrangements for food and security of the mother and the new born should be made. The mother can be given an opportunity to work for the sustenance of the child and herself.
The homeless children with parents and without parents should be given special considerations. Children are our future and we have to take preemptive measures for the betterment of their future. They should be given monthly scholarships and their parents should be given a reasonable job so that their family become self sustainable. The children who don’t have families or they are orphans, they should be registered and kept at well-organized places by government or other organizations.
The homeless single men should be brought back to work. The policy makers should vigilantly observe that no employee should be terminated without proper reason. A complete and detailed statistical data must be maintained to keep record of such people. State or NGO owned housing should be provided to such people otherwise they might get involved in moral and ethical violations like theft and drug abuse etc.
Statistics of special group of people suffering from AIDS should be maintained. An arrangement for their treatment should be made. They should be provided special and peaceful housing where they can intermingle with other people suffering from the same problem. It will bring them to life when they will interact with the people of same type. Well-trained administration should take care of them. They must be freed from the tension of shelter to live a peaceful life.
The solutions will have a significant impact on the betterment of those people. The women, children and other ethnic populations including immigrants will be relieved by initiating serious rehabilitation programs. There are huge disparities found between the level of poverty and homelessness between different people. The solution of poverty alleviation will bridge the gap present between different ethnicities like Indians, Hispanics, and Whites etc. These disparities create resentment among them.
By providing equal opportunities to all the ethnicities without any discrimination, the whole nation will prosper. Immigrants will get proper work to earn their living, adequate housing to live and opportunities to grow. Prosperity at individual levels will bring prosperity to the nation as a whole. The output and GDP of our country will be increased because most people will be working. When this change will be brought the government and non-government have to take radical actions. But once the system starts working, the government investments will decrease and the system will become self-sustainable.
No doubt that tremendous effort has been done by government and other NGOs to eradicate the most vital issue of poverty. Different programs were initiated at different times which impacted out society. Government efforts are more resourceful and thus more impact.
Government and other non-government agencies have done many efforts to reduce poverty along with its effects. These efforts range from its focus on neighborhood to the whole nation. Different groups are targeted to focus i-e children, immigrants and homeless people. There has been a recent debate focusing on the need for such policies which are centered upon both the asset poverty and income poverty.
Government started a program to send funding to the homeless people. In the recent past, Bush administration started a program to eradicate chronic poverty. 10-year plan was deigned to achieve the aim. An award of over $48 million in grants was announced in 2003 to serve the needs of homeless people.
A recent innovation i-e Housing first was introduced by federal government's Interagency Council on Homelessness. This program invites cities to bring solution to end chronic type of homelessness. On May 20, 2009, Homeless Emergency Assistance and Rapid Transition to Housing (HEARTH) Act of 2009 was signed by President Barack Obama. World bank and UN also works in these areas. The performance is found quite satisfactory but more is needed to be done. We need decisive actions to be taken to cope up with this problem. Such actions should be taken that neither the minorities nor the immigrants should suffer while living in our coutry.
Poor and homeless will be valued in society by uplifting their personal and social dignity. They should be provided with platform where they can speak up. When they will be listened and cared, they will be encouraged to participate productively .There fears should be wiped out. Reliable security measures should be made. At educational institutions, they should be treated equally. Their needs for adequate clothing should be taken care to save them from any resentment while studying and living with other people.Custom Poverty and Homelessness.
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Poverty in the United States is getting worse each day and not enough is getting done about it. The readings from “Babies and Benefits” by Sheila Holbrook-White.
Poverty is an issue which society faces each day. It is a constant struggle that cannot be ignored. Defeating poverty would take great efforts and contributions from all. Canada and the third world are examples of countries which are experiencing poverty, yet each differ in different ways. Once seeing the multitudes of condominiums, expensive restaurants, and streets jammed with cars, one would never see Canada as a place suffering from hunger, lack of food or clothing. Yet poverty exists. Poverty
effects of poverty
The Effects of Poverty in Our World All over the world, disparities between the rich and poor, even in the wealthiest of nations is rising sharply. Fewer people.
in Canada cannot be compared to that of a 3rd world country, since many of the poor have access to transportation and television. What people lack is ability to see the inadequate nutrition overcrowded housing and chronic unemployment. �A visitor to Canada from Africa or Asia, if told if told that there is a widespread poverty in this country, might find the statement hard to credit.�(Schlesinger 89) In most places, the poor are thought to be isolated, away from shopping
Effects Of Poverty
The Effects of Poverty in Our World All over the world, disparities between the rich and poor, even in the wealthiest of nations is rising sharply. Fewer people are becoming.
zones as well as residential areas. They are seen as a crowded cluster, living in shantytowns drinking a bottle of whisky, uselessly lying there in search for a job, or some method of employment. This is just one of the stereotypes given to the poor person, we must first define poverty. Individuals and families whose financial resources and/or other resources (including educational and occupational skills, the condition of the environment at home and at work, and material possessions) fall seriously
Poverty In The South
Appalachian Poverty Poverty is a global problem, and it has existed from the beginning of civilization. Hunger, homelessness, and lack of health.
below those commanded by the average person or family in society, are in poverty. (Schlesinger 105) The �poverty line�, is a method used by the government to determine the number of poor people living in a certain area. It is based on an individual�s income. Anyone below the annual level of income is classified as being poor. Who Are Our Poor? The Special Senate Committee on Poverty, using a poverty line, calculated that �approximately five million Canadians live in poverty�
Poverty Poverty: The condition of having insufficient resources or income. In its most extreme form, poverty is the lack of basic human needs (nutritious food, clothing, housing.
(NCW 10) Studies show various groups in society tend to be poorer in comparison to others. Over 1 million Canadians who work are poor. The working poor are usually employed in service sales, farming, fishing and clerical jobs characterized by low pay, limited opportunities for advancement, and instability. It is said �1 person in every eight who lives alone is member of the working poor.� (NCW 6) The second highest group is individuals that live in poverty are the elderly.
Poverty Poverty: The condition of having insufficient resources or income. In its most extreme form, poverty is the lack of basic human needs (nutritious food, clothing, housing, clean water, and.
500 000 elderly people in Canada are poor. Many of them, live on fixed amounts from pension. They rely on transfer payments from the government as their main source of income. Old Age Security, Guaranteed Income Supplements and Spouse Allowances are the basic public pensions for elderly persons, but they still find themselves 15% below they poverty line. The third group of poor people living in poverty is the unemployed. There are approximately 480 000 unemployed people in Canada. Unemployment
Poverty In Australia
Before discussing the extent of poverty in Australia, it is first crucial to mention the difference between absolute poverty and relative poverty. Absolute Poverty is a situation where deprivation is.
insurance provides benefits for those who have been employed and contributed and then lost their jobs ;it cannot help the disabled elderly or those tied down by parental responsibilities that are not part of the labor force. Disabled persons make up the next largest category of poor people. There are 460 000 disabled people presently living in poverty. It is very difficult for a disabled person to find work since they are constantly prone to discrimination. Conditions will not change
Compare and Contrast absolute and relative approaches to the definition and measurement of poverty The term Poverty has many definitions all of which share similar ideas, It is.
until the attitudes of others change. Single-parent families are the next in line to face the struggles set down by poverty. Over 150 000 single parent families are poor. �About on in every four marriages end in divorce.� (Schlesinger 56) These parents cannot afford the expenses for daycare facilities as well as lunchtime and after school supervision for their child therefore, and required staying home. They can receive up to $500 a month in Family Benefits and Baby Bonus. Finally,
Poverty Poverty is a social issue that has gown over time to be one of the greatest problems concerning the world. This issue has been around a while, but.
the last category or group, which live in poverty, is the Canadian Indians. 105 000 Canadian Indians are unemployed. Their housing units are overcrowded and �, have no running water. Available social services do not develop Indian people either individually or as a whole. Why are some Canadians Poor? After acknowledging which Canadians are poor, we ask ourselves why them? There basically 5 broad categories which each can be placed in. 1) Those who are not able to work because
Poverty Poverty is a social issue that has gown over time to be one of the greatest problems concerning the world. This issue has been around a while, but many.
they are too old, too young, disabled, or tied down by social responsibility. 2) Those who are able and qualified to work but can not find it. 3) Those who are not equipped to fill available job either because they are undereducated. (Immigrants have language barriers) Or, because they�re old skills have become outdated. 4) Those social and personal problems have brought them to a point of self-defeating discouragement. 5) Those who are underemployed, underpaid, or unable to get a
Poverty Poverty is hunger. Poverty is lack of shelter. Poverty is being sick and not being able to see a doctor. Poverty is not being able to go to school.
fair price for what they have to sell. (Ex. Farmers) What is being done? There are many social programs available to help the poor. However, there are always some conditions of eligibility. Others depend on the individual s income, the household income and participated on the labor market. Poverty in Third World Countries In 1994 more than one billion people live in absolute poverty. This means they cannot afford essential nutrition, clothing, and shelter. India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Africa are
Poverty is hunger. Poverty is lack of shelter. Poverty is being sick and not being able to see a doctor. Poverty is not being able to go to school, not.
most known for their third world one can state and acknowledge that there is little hope
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