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Difference Between Research Article and Research Paper

Difference Between Research Article and Research Paper

Posted on October 6, 2012 by admin

Research Article vs Research Paper

Research paper and research articles are pieces of writing that require critical analysis, inquiry, insight, and demonstration of some special skills from students and scientists. It is really overwhelming for students when their teachers ask them to write a research paper as a form of assignment. Students remain confused between a research paper and a research article because of their similarities. This article attempts to find out if the two terms are synonymous or there is any difference between the two.

What do you do when you are a scientist or a scholar and have arrived at a solution to a problem or have made a discovery that you want to share with the world? Well, one of the best ways to let the world know about your piece of wisdom or knowledge is through a research article. This is a piece of writing that contains an original research idea with the relevant data and findings. Research article is published in renowned scientific journals that are involved with works in the area to which the paper pertains. A research article is a paper or writing that informs people of a path breaking research or a finding with clinical data to support the finding.

Research is an activity that is given much importance in academics, and this is why assignments requiring research and technical writing start early in the school. Students are asked to submit a research paper as early as in High School, and they become used to the concept when they are pursuing higher studies in colleges. However, a research paper is not just these assignment papers written by students as those written by scholars and scientists and published in journals are also referred to as research papers.

What is the difference between Research Article and Research Paper?

• There is no difference as such between a research article and a research paper and both involve original research with findings.

• There is a trend to refer to term papers and academic papers written by students in colleges as research papers whereas articles submitted by scholars and scientists with their groundbreaking research are termed as research articles.

• Research articles are published in renowned scientific journals whereas papers written by students do not go to journals.

Other articles

The difference between a tabloid and broadsheet paper essays

MegaEssays.com The difference between a tabloid and broadsheet paper

In this essay I will be explaining the differences between a broadsheet and a tabloid newspaper. Some of these differences range from the type of language used, to the format of the newspaper itself.

Firstly I will discuss the layout of the newspapers. The tabloid newspaper is on A3 paper whereas the broadsheet papers use A2. Tabloid papers also use a lot more front-page space dedicated to pictures and headlines. For example in Tuesday’s The Sun there is a picture of Tracy Shaw, which takes up about a third of the front-page. It also has smaller pictures of Victoria Beckham and David Beckham. In the Times on the same day the main picture takes up less than a quarter of the front-cover. Headlines are also a lot bigger in a tabloid paper as the front-covers main headline took up about half the page. The Times is a lot different as the headline takes up a very small percentage of the page and most of the page is dedicated to writing.

The content of a tabloid paper is also a lot different to a broadsheet paper because all of the people featured in the Sun are celebrities and would attract less educated people because there isn’t much text and the use of language is a lot more basic. You can see this when looking at the Tracy Shaw article where it says “…as she sported a daring new hair-do at a telly bash last night.” This sentence contains a lot of slang and isn’t Standard English. The Times is a lot more difficult to understand and is more for the well-educated person. Here is a sentence from main story of the times: - “The prime minister’s speech this afternoon to the TUC conference in Brighton comes amid a growing row over the Governments plans of private provision.” This has not used any kinds of slang and uses Standard English.

The front-page of the Sun features people like Tracy Shaw and David Beckham featuring a story about a row between David Beckham and Mark Kennedy. Whereas The Times picture is of Patr.

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What is the difference between a review paper and a research paper? Academia Stack Exchange

A review paper is likely also known as a "survey paper", where you read (i.e. survey) related works in the field and then comment on them. Usually, a review paper should be able to contribute a small amount of knowledge in its own right to the field by providing a taxonomy of work.

Another type of paper that reviews extensively related work but isn't actually a review paper is a "systematic review paper" in which you usually ask a meta-question about the field.

If it appears in a refereed, peer-reviewed journal, then yes, it is a publication. In fact, if done well, these works can often have pretty high impact and can be cited very frequently. However, as already noted, since they don't usually involve substantial original research they need to be augmented with traditional research papers. If a graduate student has only survey papers or systematic review papers, I'd wonder as a search committee reviewer if this student did nothing but read related work rather than working on research.

With respect to MS or PhD applications, I'd think that the fact that you have a publication at all is already a bonus point for you. Most students who apply to these programs don't have publications.

answered Jun 5 '13 at 18:19

One important distinction should be made between papers in the humanities and the sciences. In the sciences, it would be much more important to have "original research" papers where new ground is broken. In the humanities, by contrast, the act of studying the existing literature and critically evaluating it may, in and of itself, be considered an act of research. (Similarly, in medicine, "meta-studies" in which the reports of various experiments are synthesized to produce overall results and recommendations may also be considered very important, although they augment direct clinical research, rather than substitute for it.)

answered Jun 6 '13 at 14:27

aeismail ♦
107k ● 13 ● 231 ● 499

I have limited experience regarding since I am still a graduate student but from what I understand, a review paper is also a research paper. However, unlike a piece of research, where you study the existing literature, develop research questions and hypotheses, collect data, run experiments/analysis and make inferences which accept or reject your hypotheses, a review article is a summarization and collation of existing articles in a given, specific research topic.

There has been some semi-formal writings on this already namely, this and this. The consensus, so far, seems to be that review articles make fine additions to your publication record but not as fine as articles where you actually did your own research.

answered Jun 5 '13 at 16:55

I have little experience, because I am still an undergraduate student but from what I understand:

  • Research paper: A paper in which results and discussion are derived from an experiment.
  • Review paper: A paper in which results and discussion are not described.

answered Nov 26 '14 at 15:07

Welcome to Academia SE. I have to disagree with your definitions. A research paper does not need to be based on an experiment (e.g. many mathematical papers). Also, a paper which does not describe (or derive) its results and discussions is just a very bad paper – this has nothing to do with the paper being a research or review paper. – Wrzlprmft Nov 26 '14 at 15:19

I would describe a review paper as different from a research paper. A research paper is one's original work that may be researched scientifically or otherwise, but a review paper is where someone goes through work already done/researched and gives suggestions as per that field of research. The suggestions would be if the objective, goal, problem were met by the researcher. Whether the research is of value now or in future, solutions to the problem, what is interesting, etc.

answered Oct 21 '15 at 10:54

Strange behavior between rails and irb - Stack Overflow

irb is the interactive Ruby shell which is not rails. when you do gem install you are making it available for your installed version of Ruby, however Rails is slightly different. Rails only interacts with the gems you have listed in your Gemfile. Assuming you are using Rails 3, you would edit your Gemfile to include to the gem

save the file and then run

then, once you run rails s that gem is available to your rails application. For future note, if you want to try out how something will work in a rails context, instead of invoking irb. invoke rails console or ./script/rails console (depending on which version of rails you are using).

answered Feb 28 '11 at 0:27

Did you include it in your gemfile?

answered Oct 24 '10 at 20:41

no, I haven't had to do that with other gems. I just install the gem and go off to the races. – Brad Heller Oct 24 '10 at 21:25

Try to include it into your gemfile. Rails loads only the gems which are specified in the gemfile. – Lichtamberg Oct 24 '10 at 22:07

Operations Research Perspectives - Journal

Operations Research Perspectives Operations Research Perspectives

Operations Research Perspectives

Operations Research Perspectives is an exciting new open access journal in the field of Operations Research and Management Science. It provides a dedicated and safe environment for open access research, with fast online publication on ScienceDirect for all accepted papers.

Operations Research and Management Science has matured over the last 60 years. Nowadays it is a truly interdisciplinary field, intermixing theories and methodologies from mathematics, management science, computer science, operations management, economics, engineering, decision support, soft computing and many more, even reaching into psychology, ergonomics, knowledge management, education, quality management and biology.

Rather than disseminating the different scholarly papers among a large number of journals, or focusing on specialized topics in niche publications, Operations Research Perspectives aims to bring together high-quality papers and original contributions with a potentially far-reaching.

Operations Research Perspectives

Operations Research Perspectives is an exciting new open access journal in the field of Operations Research and Management Science. It provides a dedicated and safe environment for open access research, with fast online publication on ScienceDirect for all accepted papers.

Operations Research and Management Science has matured over the last 60 years. Nowadays it is a truly interdisciplinary field, intermixing theories and methodologies from mathematics, management science, computer science, operations management, economics, engineering, decision support, soft computing and many more, even reaching into psychology, ergonomics, knowledge management, education, quality management and biology.

Rather than disseminating the different scholarly papers among a large number of journals, or focusing on specialized topics in niche publications, Operations Research Perspectives aims to bring together high-quality papers and original contributions with a potentially far-reaching impact in the field, inside the same journal. As a result, the interfaces between the different disciplines and the richness of the field are bolstered, facilitating new and interesting approaches.

Operations Research Perspectives is aimed at a wide audience, ranging from management scientists, industrial engineers, computer scientists, mathematicians, practitioners and scientists working in the operations research field, understood in a wide sense. Similarly, all kinds of submissions, from short notes and technical letters to longer-length research papers, case studies and applications are welcomed. There is no page limit imposed and supplementary materials, including multimedia, are also welcomed.

Operations Research Perspectives operates a rigorous single blind review process, with all accepted papers having at least 2 quality referee reports from prominent researchers in the field.

Benefits to authors

Operations Research Perspectives is an open access journal. The journal and the editorial workflow have been fine-tuned in order to speed up the revision process as much as possible. As a result of these two key benefits, authors' research results are disseminated quickly and openly to the field, which significantly increases their visibility and potential impact.

Another key benefit is a series of cross-editorial agreements with other major operations research journals, namely Omega - The International Journal of Management Science,Decision Support Systems,European Journal of Operational Research,International Journal of Production Economics,Computers & Operations Research and Computers & Industrial Engineering. Under these agreements, selected high-quality papers that have already been peer reviewed might be accepted in a quick editorial decision for Operations Research Perspectives .

We also provide many author benefits, such as free PDFs, a liberal copyright policy, special discounts on Elsevier publications and much more. Please click here for more information on our author services .

This journal supports the following content innovations

The Difference Between a Research Paper and a Term Paper - essay writing help from

Essay writing guide The Difference Between a Research Paper and a Term Paper The Difference Between a Research Paper and a Term Paper

A term paper is a written academic paper that needs to demonstrate the acquired essential skills and knowledge in the subject matter. Usually it is a task given to the students at the end of a term and accounts towards the final grade in the subject, sometimes it can even constitute as the only component of the final grade. The length of a term paper may vary but it is usually between three to five thousand words.

A term paper can be a critical essay on a popular or current topic requiring author’s personal point of view of the issue and demonstration of good and accurate understanding of the subject. The author needs to establish compelling arguments accompanied by facts or other evidence supporting his/her point of view.

The topic of a term paper might be chosen by the student or sometimes it might be a prompt given by the professor of the subject. In the latter case the professor provides you a problem to resolve or a question to examine and sets the requirements for the paper. However, sometimes the professor might not give you very much information but just a very general task. For example in law studies you might be asked to choose one case in the relevant case law and analyse it critically. You are given a subject but not a topic nor any further information about the expected aspects or components of the term paper.

A term paper can also be a research paper on a topic chosen by the student and involving thus more thorough academic research in the chosen subject. However, it is very probable that you need to select a topic or subject that had been discussed in the class or in a relevant text book. In this case the requirements are basically the same as of a research paper, starting with choosing a feasible topic which interests and/or challenges you and that has a sufficient range of references available. The materials that are being used and cited in the term paper should be versatile, i.e. encyclopaedias, text books, journal articles and other documents relevant in the chosen topic.

Every research paper should contain a central statement that the research seeks to defend or support or discuss. It may be stated in the form of a question that needs to be discussed or even answered or in a form of a claim that needs to be defended. In any way it cannot be longer than one sentence and needs to be formed with clarity.

Creating a good outline is the key to a successful term paper. The outline is like the bone structure of the term paper. Thus it needs to reflect the overall purpose of your research, the introduction of the chosen topic and the statement, accompanied by the main arguments and conclusions.

When writing the term paper follow the created outline and make sure all the requirements set for the term paper are being met.

In conclusion a term paper can have the same features as a research paper but with certain limitation in its subject and purpose.

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Difference Between Exempt, Expedited and Full Board - Institutional Review Board - Boston University

Difference Between Exempt, Expedited and Full Board

The IRB is authorized to conduct three different levels of review. Depending on the scope and nature of the research being proposed, submissions can be reviewed under:

  • Exempt review
  • Expedited review or
  • Full Board review

Researchers should make the first attempt at determining which application is most appropriate.

Exempt Review

Exempt reviews are conducted by at least one experienced member of the IRB. In order to qualify for review via exempt procedures, the research must not be greater than minimal risk and must fall into at least one of the exempt categories defined by federal regulations.

Minimal risk is defined by the federal regulations as the probability and magnitude of physical or psychological harm that is normally encountered in the daily lives, or in the routine medical, dental, or psychological examination of healthy persons.

Summary of Exempt Categories:
  1. Education research
  2. Surveys, interviews, educational tests, public observations (that do not involve children)
  3. Studies of public officials
  4. Analysis of previously-collected, anonymous data
  5. Public benefit or service program
  6. Consumer acceptance, taste, and food quality studies
View the detailed exempt category descriptions . Expedited Review

Expedited reviews are conducted by at least one experienced member of the IRB. In order to qualify for review via expedited procedures, the research must not be greater than minimal risk and fall into at least one of the expedited categories defined by the federal regulations.

The expedited review procedure may not be used where identification of the subjects and/or their responses would reasonably place them at risk of criminal or civil liability or be damaging to the subjects financial standing, employability, insurability, reputation, or be stigmatizing, unless reasonable and appropriate protections will be implemented so that risks related to invasion of privacy and breach of confidentiality are no greater than minimal risk.

Summary of Expedited Categories:
  1. Clinical studies of drugs and medical devices only when certain conditions are met
  2. Collection of blood samples by finger stick, heel stick, ear stick, or venipuncture in certain populations and within certain amounts
  3. Prospective collection of biological specimens for research purposes by noninvasive means
  4. Collection of data through noninvasive procedures (not involving general anesthesia or sedation) routinely employed in clinical practice, excluding procedures involving x-rays or microwaves.
  5. Research involving materials (data, documents, records, or specimens) that have been collected, or will be collected solely for non-research purposes
  6. Collection of data from voice, video, digital, or image recordings made for research purposes
  7. Research on individual or group characteristics or behavior or research employing survey, interview, oral history, focus group, program evaluation, human factors evaluation, or quality assurance methodologies
  8. Certain continuing reviews
View the detailed expedited category descriptions . Full Board Review

Research that is greater than minimal risk and/or does not qualify for exempt or expedited review, as defined by the categories, will be reviewed at the Full Board IRB meeting.

The Full Board IRB meets once a month. For more information regarding the Full Board IRB meeting dates and submission deadlines, please refer to: full board meeting dates .

Where Can I find the IRB Applications?

What is the difference between thesis, research paper and project?

A thesis is a lengthy research paper which is supervised by a senior academic such as a senior lecturer with a doctorate or an assistant professor/associate professor/professor. It is categorised as an honours thesis. a Masters thesis and a PhD dissertation.

An honours thesis consists of 12,000 words in the National University of Singapore:

It is independent research work conducted by the student. It is usually not original as the student uses available theories to analyse a text (for textual analysis) or complemented by interviews with other human subjects (for ethnographic studies). The honours thesis is marked by the supervisor and is given a letter grade. There is no oral presentation of the honours thesis in my department. The honours thesis is completed in a semester.

A Masters thesis consists of 30,000 words in the National University of Singapore. It is independent research work conducted by the student:

It has some originality and contribution to knowledge. The student integrates several theories to provide an insightful analysis of a text or phenomenon framed as research questions or hypothesis. The Master's thesis is marked by two examiners. There is no oral defense. The Master's thesis is completed within two years.

A PhD dissertation consists of 80,000 words in the National University of Singapore:

It is independent research work conducted by the student. Furthermore, it must make a significant contribution to knowledge. The student creates a new theory or model to provide an alternative understanding of a phenomenon. A PhD student is given very little supervision (for my case). However, the amount of supervision depends on the supervision style of the supervisor. The process of a PhD dissertation is complex and is detailed in the graduate student handbook:

The student has to first pass the qualifying exams before the end of the second year in my department before s/he is upgraded to candidate status. The qualifying exam consists of the written followed by the oral qualifying exam. The written QE tests the students' grasp of the knowledge of the field of research s/he is engaged in. The written QE examines the students' writing and communication abilities. The oral QE further determines the students' grasp of the field of research s/he is engaged in and examines his/her speaking and communication abilities. After the QE is passed, the student is allowed to attend conferences to disseminate his/her research to gather feedback to improve the research. When the supervisor feels that the student is ready for the final PhD defense at the end of the candidature at 4 years, s/he will arrange for the PhD defense or viva. Depending on the university, the viva is closed to the public or open to the public. A closed defense enables the examiners to conduct more harsher debates with the student to interrogate his/her arguments to make sure the student is able to defend his/her dissertation. An open defense enables the student to invite the public members to support his/her defense.

There are three examiners for the PhD dissertation. Two are internal examiners and one external examiner for my case. Depending on the supervisor, the examiner can either be selected by the supervisor himself only or in consultation with the student (for my case). After the oral defense of the PhD dissertation, the candidate is either passed without needing to amend the thesis, passed but has to make minor or major amendments (for my case I took 2 months to amend the PhD dissertation to the satisfaction of my examiner). Or in very rare cases, the PhD defense is failed, in which the candidate has to go through the entire oral defense again, or is only awarded a Masters degree. A PhD dissertation is unpublished work and is not highly valued or cited unless it has been published as a series of journal articles or as a monograph (for humanities). The same applies to an honours and Master's thesis which is why very few journal articles cite theses because they have not gone through the peer review processes to become validated by experts in the field.

A research paper is a short length research conducted by the university or college student which is used to fulfill the coursework requirements of the modules in the university. In my department, a research paper consists of an Independent Study Module, in which the student conducts independent research work by himself/herself:

The degree of guidance given for a research paper varies depending on the supervision style of the supervisor. The research paper is marked by a chair of the module and is given a letter grade. The ISM is finished in a semester. I wrote my ISM and published it as a journal article in Social Semiotics.

A project in university can consist of group project or individual project depending on the department it is completed in:

A group project focuses on collaboration between students ranging from a number of 3 - 4 students to cooperate together to craft a research paper, to design a computer program, to do lab work, and so on. An individual project can include the Final Year Project (FYP) of the student who is required to complete it to obtain the honours degree in university. An FYP can be similar or different from the honours thesis. For instance, in the humanities, the FYP is the honours thesis whereas in certain departments such as the science department, the FYP consists of lab research work.

The Difference Between A Research Paper and a Thesis

The common aspect of a research paper, a term paper and a thesis is that they are all academic documents. Although there is some overlapping in the requirements, they differ by purpose, style and specific components.

One of the differences between a research paper and a thesis is the purpose as a thesis is a document written in support of obtaining an academic degree or qualification. It is usually longer than research paper and thus completed in a number of years. A thesis, also called dissertation, is usually associated with postgraduate studies, i.e. research or taught Master’s degree, PhD or M.Phil level and is carried out under a supervision of a professor or an academic of the university. Supervisor is a person whose job is to oversee and guide the progress of thesis writing. One of the supervisor’s assignments is to enable the development or enhancement of the student’s writing and presentation skills and capability of independent research. In most universities the supervisor has the obligation to meet with the student on regular basis and discuss the progress of the thesis writing, including the task of reading the draft of the thesis and make suggestions for changes and improvements where necessary. In some institutions there has been a move towards supervisory teams which consist of your supervisor plus combinations of co-supervisors, mentors and independent academics with or without knowledge of your research area.

One of the aspects of thesis completion is the oral examination taking place after submitting your thesis at the university. The oral examination means usually the presentation of your thesis in front of an examination board and answering their questions about the topic. The final results of your thesis will be given after the oral examination.

A research paper has usually been written as a part of a subject and does not commonly count as a separate subject or module and thus does not require an individual supervisor.

A thesis and a research paper, both require the demonstration of extent academic research and the evidence of capacity for critical analysis. The completion of thesis however requires also the input of original work and author’s findings in the field of chosen topic. When choosing a topic for a thesis the author must thus take into consideration the expectation of originality in the field or the input of some relevant new information or ideas.

Sometimes it is also accepted that the author simply provides constructive critical analysis of existing theories or viewpoints without necessarily offering any new ones. In short academic requirements for a thesis, especially the demand of originality, are much higher than for a research paper. Each university sets its own rules and regulations for presentation style and the length of a thesis depending on the research area. In some universities the rules can be stricter, foreseeing very specific style and format requirements. There are however certain components that are always prerequisite in thesis presentation style, such as table of contents or abstract. You may include a dedication or acknowledgement and depending on the research field, graphics, tables or research methods. All the aforementioned.

Now about the Project:

At school, educational institute and university, a project is a research assignment given to a student which generally requires a larger amount of effort and more independent work than is involved in a normal essay assignment. It requires students to undertake their own fact-finding and analysis, either from library/internet research or from gathering data empirically. The written report that comes from the project is usually in the form of a dissertation, which will contain sections on the
project's inception, analysis, findings and conclusions.

As per my understanding Every year thousands of students from all across India take admissions for m.tech in different institutes. In the studies of m.tech of every stream their m.tech thesis plays a very important role. It becomes very confusing for a student to chose that he should go for which broader field and should formulate the problem in which way for his/her m.tech thesis. A thesis consists of following parts.

1. Problem Formulation: To formulate the problem or to define the problem.

2. Synopsis. Synopsis is a very important part of your m.tech thesis so be very careful while writing your synopsis and you can also take help from online thesis help portals for it.

3. Implementation: Implementation means to practically code your theoretical problem and seek for a solution for your m.tech thesis problem. It is very important that your implementation must be new and is not copied from anywhere else.

4. Report: Report is one of the utmost important parts to help your thesis get cleared. Report must be plagiarism free and should be according to the format of your college.

5. Research Paper: Research paper signifies that how genuine your work has been. There are many good international Journals like ijarcn . org, www.ijarcsc,in, IEEE etc where students can get their thesis papers published online.

Thesis requires academic research and critical analysis. It is written in support of obtaining a academic degree. Is associated with post-graduate studies. Requires individual supervisor. Thesis requires student to prove what he/she believes and intends to prove, i.e, students independently design and conduct qualitative research which is to be approved by a committee and graduate school. Originality is very important. Students are required to produce a written paper that includes literature review, data description, technique and result analysis. Could be helpful if one wants to get back into education or research after graduation.

Requires academic research as well. It is written as part of a subject. Does not require individual supervisor or committee approval. Usually states observed truth from collected information. Written paper documenting methodology, basis and significance of work is to be submitted.

Requires academic research similar to thesis and research paper. This like thesis is to be approved by a committee and requires a supervisor. In project, one needs to execute a proposed activity. Requires written submission of work as well as oral like thesis. Project is often simpler compared to thesis. And is preferred over thesis when someone wants to get to work after graduation.

Dominique Miller. Worked in research at government and academia for a long time

You start with a project, then write a paper to show your results and that paper will most likely become a chapter in your thesis. The thesis once finished will be a collection of smaller projects united under a common theme. People often interchange the terms when talking about their research. You’ll hear, what’s your project\thesis about? Papers will often have an line saying “this project is about …”.