The national tree of India, banyan is a very huge structure, long and deep roots and branches symbolize the country's unity. One can find banyan trees in throughout the nation. The huge sized tree acts as a shield, protects from hot sun. This is the reason why the tree is planted near homes, temples, villages and roadsides. In the rural parts of the country, banyan tree is considered as the focal point of the Panchayats and the gathering place for village councils and meetings. The tree is also considered sacred by the Hindus of India. With high medicinal value, banyan is often used as a herb to treat and cure many diseases. Given below is the description of banyan, the national tree of India.
Importance In The Indian Culture
The tradition of worshipping 'sacred' trees is prevalent among the people following Hinduism, since ages. Rig Veda and Atharva Veda stipulate that trees should be worshipped, for their inevitable role in human life. Banyan is considered one among the sacred trees. In the Hindu mythology, Lord Shiva is sometimes depicted sitting in silence, under the banyan tree, with the saints sitting at His feet. With its seemingly unending expansion, the banyan tree symbolizes eternal life. In Hindu culture, the tree is often called 'kalpavriksha', a Sanskrit word, which means 'a divine tree that fulfills wishes'. Married Hindu women worship the banyan tree to lead a long and happy married life.
Banyan tree is characterized by a tangle of branches, roots and trunks. The tree is deeply rooted, which may spread across several acres. It is huge in size, thereby giving protection from hot sun. The tree bears fruits that look like figs. The fruits, which appear red in color when matured, are not edible. The dark green leaves of the tree are large and leathery. This is the reason why, the leaves are used as animal fodder. The flowers produced by the tree often attract wasps, for pollination. An old banyan tree can reach more than 656 feet in diameter and can be as tall as 98 feet. The rubber, produced from the sticky milk of banyan tree, is used for gardening.
Pavo cristatus (Indian Peafowl or Peacock) with outspread plumes, National Bird.
The Republic of India has several official national symbols including a historic document, a flag, an emblem, an anthem, a memorial tower as well as several national heroes. All the symbols were picked up at various times. The design of the national flag was adopted by the Constituent Assembly just before independence, on July 22, 1947. [ 1 ] There are also several other symbols including the national animal, bird, flower and tree. [ 2 ]Contents Look at other dictionaries:
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Cultural India. National Symbols of IndiaNational Symbols of India
This write-up on the National symbols of India contains brief information on various national symbols of India. It also traces the history and evolution of various Indian National symbols. We have covered Indian National anthem, national bird, national flag, national flower, national, tree, national calendar, national song, national emblem, national fruit and the national game of India.
National Anthem India
The national anthem of India, Jana-gana-mana, was composed by the great poet Rabindranath Tagore and was adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India on January 24th 1950. Jana-gana-mana was first sung on 27th December, 1911 at the Calcutta Session of the Indian National Congress. The songs, Jana-gana-mana, consists of five stanzas. The first stanza constitutes the full version of the National Anthem.
Tiger (Panthera Tigris, Linnaeus) is the national animal of India. Tiger is also called the lord of Jungles. As the national animal of India, tiger symbolizes India's wildlife wealth. The rare combination of grace, strength, agility and enormous power has earned the tiger great respect and high esteem.
Peacock (Pavo cristatus), which is a symbol of grace, joy, beauty and love is the national bird of India. Peacock occupies a respectable position in Indian culture and is protected not only by religious sentiments but also by parliamentary statute.
The national calendar of India is based on the Saka Era with Chaitra as its first month and a normal year of 365 days. The national calendar of India was adopted on March 22nd 1957. Dates of the Indian national calendar have a permanent correspondence with the Gregorian calendar dates- 1 Chaitra falling on 22 March normally and on 21 March in leap year.
National Emblem India
The National Emblem of India has been taken from the Sarnath Lion capital erected by Ashoka. The national emblem of India was adapted by the Government of India on 26th January1950. In the National emblem only three lions are visible and the fourth one is hidden from the view.
National Flag of India
The national flag of India is tricolor. It has deep saffron color strip at the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom in equal proportions. The width and length ratio of the National flag is two is to three. In the centre of the white strip, there is a wheel in navy blue color to indicate the Dharma Chakra, the wheel of law in the Sarnath Lion Capital.
Lotus is the National flower of India. The Lotus symbolizes spirituality, fruitfulness, wealth, knowledge and illumination. The most important thing about lotus is that even after growing in murky water it is untouched by its impurity. On the other hand the lotus symbolizes purity of heart and mind.
Mango (Mangifera Indica) is the National fruit of India. Mango is one of the most widely grown fruits of the tropical countries. In India, mango is cultivated almost in all parts, with the exception of hilly areas. Mango is a rich source of Vitamins A, C and D. In India, we have hundreds of varieties of mangoes. They are of different sizes, shapes and colors.
Hockey is the National Game of India. Hockey has been played in India for time immemorial. There was a golden period of Indian hockey when hockey stalwarts of India ruled the game. On the international scenario there were no competitors to match the magical hands of Indian hockey players.
National Song India
The National song of India is Vande Mataram. It was composed by the famous poet, Bankim Chandra Chaterjee in the year 1875. Rabindranath sang the National song (Vande Mataram) by setting a magnificent tune and Shri Aurobindo interpreted the deep meaning of the song.
Banyan is the National tree of India. The mighty banyan tree commands a great presence in the rural setting of India. The very size of the banyan tree makes it a habitat for a large number of creatures. For centuries the banyan tree has been a central point for the village communities of India.
The Indian national flag is also known as the Tiranga. It has 3 stripes:
Orange – representing courage
White – which represents purity
Green – it represents fertility.
It also has a navy-blue chakra in the middle of the white stripe.
This is the Dharma Chakra or the Wheel of Law.
The government seal of India is taken from Ashoka’s Sarnath Lion pillar. Underneath it are the words Satyameva Jayate which means ‘truth alone triumphs.’ This is the government letterhead and will appear on all official documents.3. Indian National Currency
The rupee symbol was adopted by the government in 2010 for official use on Indian bank notes and coins. It is a graphical representation of the Devanagari ‘ra’ and the English ‘r’ alphabets. It has 2 parallel lines at the top which looks like an ‘=’ sign.4. Indian National Anthem
The Indian national anthem or Jana Gana Mana was written by Rabindranath Tagore. It is written in tatsama Bengali. It was adopted by the Constituent Assembly as the national anthem in 1950.
* tatsama = sanskrit form of Bengali
Vande Mataram is the national song of India. It was written by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay. It is a hymn to the goddess Durga as if she were the land of India.
I show gratitude to thee, Mother,
cool with the winds of the south,
dark with the crops of the harvests,
I show gratitude to thee, Mother.
This sacred flower plays an important role in the different folklores of ancient India. The lotus holds a sacred place in the art of many cultures and religions of ancient India.7. Indian National Fruit. Mango
India is very famous for over 100 different varieties of Mangoes. In the late 16th century Emperor Akbar planted 10 lakh mango trees in Lakhi Baug near modern day Bihar!8. Indian National Tree. The Banyan tree
Ficus benghalensis is a variety of a fig tree. They are considered immortal and sacred since their roots descend from their branches to form entirely new trunks.
The Buddha is said to have attained nirvana whilst meditating under a banyan tree.
The Panthera tigris has a thick coat of orange fur with deep black stripes. It is found throughout India and some surrounding countries.
If you shave a tiger, you would still see a striped pattern since a tiger’s skin is also striped.
The Ganga or Ganges is the longest river in India and its banks are one of the most fertile and densely populated areas in the world.11. Indian National Aquatic Animal. The River dolphin
Platanista gangetica is a fresh-water dolphin that represents the purity of the Ganga.12. Indian National Bird. The Indian Peacock
The Pavo cristatusis, a swan-sized bird, has a beautiful fan of plumes which it can furl and unfurl in order to attract a mate.13. Indian National Game. Field Hockey
Even though cricket might be more popular, field hockey is the national sport of India. India has a winning streak of 8 Olympic gold medals with 6 consecutive wins from 1928 – 1956.14. Indian National Calendar
India uses a Saka calendar alongside the gregorian calendar. It is sometimes referred to as the Hindu calendar because the names of the months are marked from the traditional Hindu lunisolar calendars.
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“Listen, great king!” again began the Baital. An unimportant Baniya (trader), Hiranyadatt, had a daughter, whose name was Madansena Sundari, the beautiful army of Cupid. Her face was like the moon; her hair like the clouds; her eyes like those of a muskrat; her eyebrows like a bent bow; her nose like a parrot’s bill; […]
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India is a unique country with rich biodiversity, but which of its representatives are worthy to be called national symbols. Just the special ones that have particular features that helped them earned such a majestic title long ago. I can’t wait to find out what they are, and you? Let’s hurry to get acquainted with them.
Banyan proudly bears the status of national tree of India. It has a very huge structure, deep and long roots and branches which together act like a shield protecting from hot sun. Banyan’s strong trunk and cohesion tangles of twigs symbolize the union of country. Also the unending expansion of it is a symbol of eternal life. The national tree is the most appreciated by its medical value and it is often used as a herb in treating and curing many diseases.
Lotus is the national flower of India and symbolizes wealth, divinity, knowledge, fertility and enlightenment. Moreover this beautiful plant represents honor, long life and good fortune. By its flavor and perfection Lotus also symbolizes the purity of heart and mind. Along with cultural significance the national flower’s seeds are medicinal and are used in the treatment of spleen, heart ailments and kidney.
Mango is the national fruit of the country and is cultivated since times immemorial. It is called the God’s food and is grown in all parts of India, except the hilly areas. There are more than 100 kinds of mangoes different sizes and colors, such as green, red, orange, yellow and even combinations of them. I can characterize mango as a fruit with the sweet pulp, thin skin and peculiar smell which will attract any lover of confection.
The peacock is regarded as the national bird of India. It is emblematic of qualities such as beauty, pride, mysticism and grace. All male species fascinate by their gleaming blue breasts, necks and spectacular bronze-green train of almost 200 elongated feathers. The elaborate courtship dance of the male is the astonishing spectacle and I think it is worthy to be seen by everyone.
Tiger was chosen as the national animal of India due to its agility, grace, strength and enormous power. For me it is obvious that tiger deserved this prestigious title as it also considered as the King of Jungle and a Royal Animal. Tiger symbolizes the elegance, alertness, power, intelligence and endurance of the nation.
The National Symbols of India give the country a sense of originality and individuality. They altogether signify a rich history, culture and traditions, should be preserved and cherished and will remain in the heart of every Indian.EasyGoEssay.com Can Write an Original Essay for You!
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Adopted by the Government of India from the Sarnath Lion, Capital of Ashoka, on January 26, 1950. Only three lions visible, the fourth being hidden from view. The wheel appears in relief in the centre of the abacus with a bull on the right and a horse on the left. The bell-shaped lotus has been omitted. The words "Satyameva Jayate" meaning "Truth alone triumphs", are inscribed below the Emblem in Devnagari script.
Adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India on July 22, 1947. The National Flag of India is a horizontal tri colour of deep saffron (Kesari), white and dark green in equal proportion. According to Dr. S. Radhakrishnan, the saffron colour represents the spirit of renunciation, the white band stands for truth and purity and the green colour signifies growth. In the centre of white band there is a wheel in navy blue to represent the Chakra. It has 24 spokes. The ratio of the length and the breadth of the flag is 3 : 2.
Ravindra Nath Tagore's song, 'Jana-gana-maru C was adopted as the National Anthem of India on January 24, 1950. The song was first sung on December 27, 1911 during the Indian National Congress Session at Calcutta.
The complete song consists of five stanzas but the first stanza constitutes the full version of the National Anthem. The playing time of the full version of the National Xfrthem is about 52 seconds. However, a shorter version mpressing the first and last lines of the stanza, which has a playing time of about 20 seconds, is played on some occasions. It reads:
Jana-gana-mana-adhinayaka, jaya he Bharat-bhagya-vidhata Punjab-Sindh-Gujarat, Maratha Dravida- Utkala-Banga Vindhya-Himachal- Yamuna- Ganga Uchhala-jaladhi-taranga. Tava shubha name jage, Tava shubha asisa manage, Gahe tava jaya gatha, Jana-gana-mangala-dayaka, jaya he Bharat bhagya vidhata. Jaya he, jaya he, jaya he, jaya jaya jaya jaya he !
Bankim Chandra Chatterjee's 'Vande Matram', which was a great source of inspiration to the people in their struggle for freedom. It was first sung at 1896 Session of the Indian National Congress.
Sujalam, suphalam, malayaja shitalam, Sashya shyamalam, Mataram. Shubhrajyothsna, Pulakitayaminim, Phullakusumita drumadala shobhinim, Suhasinim sumadhura bhashinim, Sukhadam, varadam, Mataram !
A uniform National Calendar based on the Saka era with Chaitra as its first month and a normal year of 365 days was adopted from 22nd March, 1957 along with the Gregorian Calendar for the following official purposes: (i) The Gazette of India; (ii) News broadcasts by All India Radio; (ii) Calenders issued by the Government of India, and (iv) Government communications addressed to members of the public.
The dates of the National Calender have a permanent correspondence with the dates of the Gregoian Calendar; 1 Chaitrafalls on 22nd March normally and on 21st March in a leap year.
Months of National Calendar: 1. Chaitra; 2. Vaishakh; 3. Jaishta; 4.
dha' 5 Shravan; 6. Bhadra; 7. Ashvina; 8. Kartika; 9. Margashirsha; fn Paus'ha; 11. Magha; 12. Phalguna.
National Bird of India: Peacock.
National Flower of India: Lotus.
NationafAnimal of India: On November 18, 1972, Tiger was declared the national animal by the Wild Life Board of India.
National Highways: The total length of National Highways 70,548 km.
There are about 77 roads classified as national highways in India. Twelve of the important highways are:
Agra - Mumbai, Delhi - Amritsar, Jalandhar - Srinagar - Uri, Delhi __ Ahmedabad - Mumbai, Chandigarh - Manali, Ambala - Shimla - Tibet, Jorhat - Shillong - Bangladesh, Delhi - Kolkata, Manali - Leh, Pathankot - Mandi, Kochi - Madurai, Beawar - Sirohi - Kandla.
Mumbai - Pune ExpressWay. The first phase of Mumbai-Pune expressway was thrown open to traffic on May, 2000.
Xanguages recognised in the Indian Constitution. Assamese: Bengali; Gujarati; Hindi; Kannada; Kashmiri; Konkani; Malayalam; Manipuri; Marathi; Nepali; Oriya; Punjabi; Sanskrit; Sindhi; Tamil; Telugu and Urdu.
In 2003, four more languages, were added Bodo, Dogri, Maithaili and Santhali. (92nd Amendment)
Official Language: The Constitution ordained Hindi in the Devanagari Script as the common language for all over India and Arabic numerals as the common numbers. English was to be retained as an official language until 1963, when it was to be replaced by Hindi completely.
Rupee Joins Elite Currency Club. July 15, 2010 turned out to be a historical day, as the Indian Rupee got the much awaited symbol, just like other leading currencies of the world Viz-Dollar,
Euro Pound Sterling and the Yen. The new symbol is an amalgamation of Devanagari 'Ra', and the Roman 'R', without the stem. Till now, the rupee was written in various abbreviated forms in different languages.
Below is an essay on "National Flower Of India" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.
National Flower of India
Lotus, botanically known as the Nelumbo Nucifera is the national flower of India. The Lotus plant is basically an aquatic plant with wide floating leaves and bright aromatic flowers which grow only in shallow waters. The Lotus plant has floating leaves and flowers. It has long aerated stems. The lotus flowers are extremely beautiful with an overlapping proportional motif of petals. It is considered to be a sacred flower and occupies unique position in the art and mythology of ancient India. This flower has been an auspicious symbol of Indian culture since time immemorial.
Choice of Lotus As National Flower
The Lotus Flower symbolizes divinity, fertility, wealth, knowledge and enlightenment. It is also regarded as a symbol of triumph as it can survive to regerminate for thousands of years. Lotus represents long life, honor, and good fortune. Untouched by the impurity despite growing in mud, the flower is also meant to symbolize the purity of heart and mind. It holds additional significance for Hindus, as it is regarded as the symbol of many Gods and Goddesses and is often used in religious practices. It was because of these noble meanings and cultural significance that made the founding fathers of modern India enshrine the lotus in the Constitution as the National Flower.
Cultural Significance of Lotus
From ancient times the lotus has been considered to be a sacred symbol in Asian traditions representing sexual purity. It is also regarded as the symbol of purity and divinity by several religions. Hindus relate it to their Almighty, Vishnu, Brahma, Lakshmi and Sarasvati who are often depicted sitting upon this pious flower. As Lotus also stands as the symbol of divine beauty, it is used as a symbol to describe the beauty of Lord Vishnu by referring him as the 'Lotus-Eyed One'. In the Hindu Mythology, the unfolding petals of Lotus signify the expansion of the soul. As the Lotus carries piousness despite growing from the.
Lord of the Indian Jungles, is the National Animal of India. The tiger is the symbol of India's wealth of wildlife. The magnificent tiger, Panthera Tigris Linnaeus.
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T he 'National Animal of India' is the tiger. It is the symbol of India's wealth of wildlife. It has a strong body which is brownish with black stripes on it.
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