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Rebel Essay, Research Paper

For Judy, lipstick has both pleasurable and painful connotations. Her conflict with her father stems from her wearing it and his rejection of it. “He looks at me like I m the ugliest thing in the world,” she tells an officer. Her desire to get her father s attention with lipstick is characteristic of the Electra complex she has for him. Instead of showing his approval, however, he smears it off her lips and calls her a tramp. Conversely, he tells her that she is too old to kiss him. “I don t want to stop,” she says, and when she kisses him on the lips, he slaps her. According to Fink, whereas a father s “No!” “functions for a man as a limit to his range of emotion and pleasures, [it] is an elective partner for a woman, her relationship to it allowing her to step beyond the boundaries set by language and beyond the pittance of pleasure language allows. An endpoint for men, [ No! ] serves as an open door for women” (107). But his resistance to her affection closes the door to the symbolic world that Judy seeks from her father.

If Jim and Judy’s parents are difficult to deal with, at least they are home with their children. Neither of Plato s parents is ever seen. Referring to Plato s mother, Plato s housemaid says, “Seems like she s always going away somewhere.” About his father, she remarks that they “haven t seen him now in a long time.” The only attention Plato receives from his father is a monthly child-support cheque. Plato s shooting of the puppies is an act of the imaginative, as puppies are eventually abandoned by their mother and never know their father. Even Jim s offer to give Plato his jacket (”It s warm.”) is subject to Plato s scrutiny of, and contempt for, any paternal gesture of kindness.

The search for the father proves to be a learning experience for Jim, Judy, Plato, and Jim s parents. Nicholas Ray seems to be saying that in order for their children to move from the imaginary to the symbolic, fathers must be up to the challenge of offering guidance. Rebel without a Cause has as much to say today as it did in the 1950s. It typifies the ineptitude of fathers to act as responsible adults and their unwillingness to accept their teen-aged children into an adult world. Ray also seems to be saying that once an adult, one must let go of his or her childhood. Those who cannot make the transformation often pay for it at an immeasurable cost. Those who make it through the threshold of adulthood try to make meaning of a fragmented society and a universe that holds little value for them.

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Rebel Essay Research Paper For Judy lipstick

Rebel Essay Research Paper For Judy lipstick

Rebel Essay, Research Paper

For Judy, lipstick has both pleasurable and painful connotations. Her conflict with her father stems from her wearing it and his rejection of it. “He looks at me like I m the ugliest thing in the world,” she tells an officer. Her desire to get her father s attention with lipstick is characteristic of the Electra complex she has for him. Instead of showing his approval, however, he smears it off her lips and calls her a tramp. Conversely, he tells her that she is too old to kiss him. “I don t want to stop,” she says, and when she kisses him on the lips, he slaps her. According to Fink, whereas a father s “No!” “functions for a man as a limit to his range of emotion and pleasures, [it] is an elective partner for a woman, her relationship to it allowing her to step beyond the boundaries set by language and beyond the pittance of pleasure language allows. An endpoint for men, [ No! ] serves as an open door for women” (107). But his resistance to her affection closes the door to the symbolic world that Judy seeks from her father.

If Jim and Judy’s parents are difficult to deal with, at least they are home with their children. Neither of Plato s parents is ever seen. Referring to Plato s mother, Plato s housemaid says, “Seems like she

s always going away somewhere.” About his father, she remarks that they “haven t seen him now in a long time.” The only attention Plato receives from his father is a monthly child-support cheque. Plato s shooting of the puppies is an act of the imaginative, as puppies are eventually abandoned by their mother and never know their father. Even Jim s offer to give Plato his jacket (”It s warm.”) is subject to Plato s scrutiny of, and contempt for, any paternal gesture of kindness.

The search for the father proves to be a learning experience for Jim, Judy, Plato, and Jim s parents. Nicholas Ray seems to be saying that in order for their children to move from the imaginary to the symbolic, fathers must be up to the challenge of offering guidance. Rebel without a Cause has as much to say today as it did in the 1950s. It typifies the ineptitude of fathers to act as responsible adults and their unwillingness to accept their teen-aged children into an adult world. Ray also seems to be saying that once an adult, one must let go of his or her childhood. Those who cannot make the transformation often pay for it at an immeasurable cost. Those who make it through the threshold of adulthood try to make meaning of a fragmented society and a universe that holds little value for them.

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Rebel Essay Research Paper For Judy lipstick

Rebel Essay Research Paper

For Judy lipstick has both pleasurable and painful connotations. Her conflict with her father stems from her wearing it and his rejection of it. “He looks at me like I m the ugliest thing in the world ” she tells an officer. Her desire to get her father s attention with lipstick is characteristic of the Electra complex she has for him. Instead of showing his approval however he smears it off her lips and calls her a tramp. Conversely he tells her that she is too old to kiss him. “I don t want to stop ” she says and when she kisses him on the lips he slaps her. According to Fink whereas a father s “No!” “functions for a man as a limit to his range of emotion and pleasures [it] is an elective partner for a woman her relationship to it allowing her to step beyond the boundaries set by language and beyond the pittance of pleasure language allows. An endpoint for men [ No! ] serves as an open door for women” (107). But his resistance to her affection closes the door to the symbolic world that Judy seeks from her father.

If Jim and Judy’s parents are difficult to deal with at least they are home with their children. Neither of Plato s parents is ever seen. Referring to Plato s mother Plato s housemaid says “Seems like she s always going away somewhere.” About his father she remarks that they “haven t seen him now in a long time.” The only attention Plato receives from his father is a monthly child-support cheque. Plato s shooting of the puppies is an act of the imaginative as puppies are eventually abandoned by their mother and never know their father. Even Jim s offer to give Plato his jacket (”It s warm.”) is subject to Plato s scrutiny of and contempt for any paternal gesture of kindness.

The search for the father proves to be a learning experience for Jim Judy Plato and Jim s parents. Nicholas Ray seems to be saying that in order for their children to move from the imaginary to the symbolic fathers must be up to the challenge of offering guidance. Rebel without a Cause has as much to say today as it did in the 1950s. It typifies the ineptitude of fathers to act as responsible adults and their unwillingness to accept their teen-aged children into an adult world. Ray also seems to be saying that once an adult one must let go of his or her childhood. Those who cannot make the transformation often pay for it at an immeasurable cost. Those who make it through the threshold of adulthood try to make meaning of a fragmented society and a universe that holds little value for them.

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REBEL WITHOUT A CAUSE Rebel Without A Cause is a movie about three troubled, identity-seeking teenagers alienated from the world of their parents (Jim Stark, Judy, and Plato). Each of the movie’s main characters is searching for understanding, companionship, and a sense of belonging, much like most of the teenagers today.

Реферат на тему Rebel Essay Research Paper For Judy lipstick

Rebel Essay, Research Paper

For Judy, lipstick has both pleasurable and painful connotations. Her conflict with her father stems from her wearing it and his rejection of it. “He looks at me like I m the ugliest thing in the world,” she tells an officer. Her desire to get her father s attention with lipstick is characteristic of the Electra complex she has for him. Instead of showing his approval, however, he smears it off her lips and calls her a tramp. Conversely, he tells her that she is too old to kiss him. “I don t want to stop,” she says, and when she kisses him on the lips, he slaps her. According to Fink, whereas a father s “No!” “functions for a man as a limit to his range of emotion and pleasures, [it] is an elective partner for a woman, her relationship to it allowing her to step beyond the boundaries set by language and beyond the pittance of pleasure language allows. An endpoint for men, [ No! ] serves as an open door for women” (107). But his resistance to her affection closes the door to the symbolic world that Judy seeks from her father.

If Jim and Judy’s parents are difficult to deal with, at least they are home with their children. Neither of Plato s parents is ever seen. Referring to Plato s mother, Plato s housemaid says, “Seems like she s always going away somewhere.” About his father, she remarks that they “haven t seen him now in a long time.” The only attention Plato receives from his father is a monthly child-support cheque. Plato s shooting of the puppies is an act of the imaginative, as puppies are eventually abandoned by their mother and never know their father. Even Jim s offer to give Plato his jacket (”It s warm.”) is subject to Plato s scrutiny of, and contempt for, any paternal gesture of kindness.

The search for the father proves to be a learning experience for Jim, Judy, Plato, and Jim s parents. Nicholas Ray seems to be saying that in order for their children to move from the imaginary to the symbolic, fathers must be up to the challenge of offering guidance. Rebel without a Cause has as much to say today as it did in the 1950s. It typifies the ineptitude of fathers to act as responsible adults and their unwillingness to accept their teen-aged children into an adult world. Ray also seems to be saying that once an adult, one must let go of his or her childhood. Those who cannot make the transformation often pay for it at an immeasurable cost. Those who make it through the threshold of adulthood try to make meaning of a fragmented society and a universe that holds little value for them.

Which Lipsticks Contain The Most Lead, Cadmium, Aluminum And Other Heavy Metals?

Which Lipsticks Contain The Most Lead, Cadmium, Aluminum And Other Heavy Metals? Many Women Say Lipstick Makes Them Feel Beautiful And Confident. But Could It Also Be Making Them Sick?

In a small study out last week, researchers asked a group of teenage girls to hand over their lipsticks and glosses and tested them for toxic metals, including lead and cadmium. Though metal content varied widely from brand to brand, they found that women who apply lipstick two to three times daily can ingest a significant amount—20 percent of the daily amount that's considered safe in drinking water or more—of aluminum, cadmium, chromium, and manganese. Depending on the lipstick, in some cases women who slathered it on (14 times a day or more) were meeting or surpassing the daily recommended exposure to chromium, aluminum, and manganese. Lead, a metal that humans should avoid exposure to entirely, was detected in 75 percent of the samples.

Some of these chemicals are nasty: Cadmium. for example, is a carcinogen that has been found in breast cancer biopsies and shown to cause cancer cells to multiply in lab experiments. Metals are often used in mineral dyes, which give lipstick its pigment, and are also often found in soil and groundwater. "Cadmium is a very common contaminant in soil," says Sharima Rasanayagam, a scientist at the Breast Cancer Fund. "What's concerning is that consumers don't know they're in the lipstick."

Sonya Lunder, a scientist at the Environmental Working Group, sees it as a two-part issue. "The first question is, can these products be safely used by everyone? And the second is, if they're just a contributor to this overall concern about metals and metal exposure, then what's best? How low can those levels go?" Lunder and others suggest that better disclosure, either from companies themselves or the government, would help consumers understand and limit their daily exposure.

Elevated lead levels in adults can lead to a host of health problems from miscarriages to seizures. Lead exposure among children can lead to permanent brain damage and, and as Kevin Drum investigated in Mother Jones ' January/February issue, possibly even crime.

Lipsticks with traces of lead included one made by Burt's Bees, which is now owned by Clorox.

Studies have been finding lead in lipstick for years. The first major examination was in 2007 when the nonprofit Campaign for Safe Cosmetics tested a range of products and found lead in 61 percent of them, including Burt's Bees tinted chapstick. Burt's, which is owned by Clorox, trades on selling "truly natural products that have a positive effect on both you and the world you live in." (Burt's has a statement on its website from the 2007 study that says, "We are meeting directly with our suppliers to find ways to identify, minimize and even eliminate trace elements of lead from our natural mineral sources." The company didn't respond toMother Jones 's request for more information about what they had done to eliminate the lead since the 2007 study came out.)

The FDA has conducted two follow-up studies. one in 2009 and one in 2012. Both studies found much more lead, up to 7.19 parts per million, in the lipstick samples tested. Here are the top 20 lead-containing lipsticks from the FDA's 2012 review of 400 lipstick shades:

Food And Drug Administration / Mother Jones

So shouldn't the FDA do a better job curbing lead and metal content in lipstick? In short, yes. Though the agency regulates how much of these substances can be in pigment, strangely, it hasn't specified how much metal overall is allowed in the tube of lipstick. And the FDA itself doesn't even test the dozens of dyes used in cosmetics or set the maximum amounts of metals in them; it outsourced that job years ago to the Cosmetic Ingredient Review. an organization established in 1976 by a cosmetics-industry-aligned trade and lobbying group. Over the years, the US has banned 22 chemicals outright. For comparison, the EU currently bans more than 1,300 chemicals.

Want to limit your heavy metal intake without giving up your lipstick? The FDA's 2012 test found less than one part per million of lead in Wet n' Wild, Bobbi Brown, and Shiseido brand lipsticks. The Environmental Working Group also has a database with information on cosmetic products and the risky ingredients that could be in them, and the Campaign for Safe Cosmetics has a list of its favorite products online as well.

Leadfree Lipstick

It isn't a pretty story. An ingredient so toxic it isn't allowed in paint or gasoline may be lurking in your lipstick.

Lead. You know that stuff that had everyone freaked last Christmas because it was in those toys from China?That stuff. So, here's The Daily Green to the rescue.

According to the Campaign for Safe Cosmetics' widely hailed study, they found 11 popular lipsticks with no detectable levels of lead.

So why take the chance? These lipsticks are currently on the market, and there's one at every price point. Keep your kisser. and those you kiss. safer with low toxin lipsticks.

Lead Free Lipstick – Without, No Lead Lipsticks

Now that most lipsticks contain lead, you might be seeking lead free lipsticks or lipsticks without lead. Of course, if you searched for lipsticks without or with no lead, you are bound to get many answers and the results recommending various products to you. This can cause confusion.

We did a comprehensive research on lead free lipsticks or lipsticks without lead in order to be able confidently to tell you that these are some of the lipsticks with no lead. The only way to be certain that a certain lipstick does not contain lead is if it is made from only natural ingredients and the equipments used for making it do not contain lead.

Some of the lipsticks we found to be listed by many people as to be lead free lipsticks include the following:

  • Jane Iredale’s PureMoist LipColours
  • Gabriel Cosmetics’ ZuZu Luxe Lipstick
  • ILIA Pure Lip Care from Spirit Beauty Lounge
  • MUD’s Sheer Lipstick
  • Lavera’s Beautiful Lips Lipstick
  • Nvey Eco Advanced Care Lip Colour from Spirity Beauty Lounge
  • Afterglow Cosmetics– Lip Love Lipstick
  • Hygienics–Mineral Pure Lips

We cannot verify or confirm whether the above lead free lipsticks are real or not. We furthermore do not recommend any of the above lipsticks as lead free lipstick.

During the 2007 testing for lipsticks with lead, quite a number of products were found with lead. However, from those tested, the below lipsticks were found to be lead free. Of course, time has passed and you cannot tell if the status is still the same. So what were some of the lead free lipsticks in 2007?

  • Avon Ultra Color Rich Cherry Jubilee
  • Body Shop Lip Colour Garnet
  • Clinique Long Last Lipstick Merlot
  • Dior Replenishing Lipcolor Red Premiere
  • Estee Lauder Maraschino
  • Revlon Superlustrous Love That Red
  • MAC Matte Lipstick Viva Glam 1
  • Revlon Superlustrous Bed of Roses
  • Revlon Colorstay Lipcolor Red Velvet
  • Tarte Inside Out Vitamin Lipstick
  • Wet N Wild Mega Colors Cherry Blossom

While focusing on lipsticks without lead, do not forget that lead is not the only dangerous chemical that could potentially be in lipsticks.

How To Test For Lead In Lipstick

If you want to know which lipsticks contain lead and those that are lead free, you need to test for the presence of lead. Although specialized testing requires accurate equipments such as mass spectrometers, you can still do simple tests to know if a certain lipstick brand has lead or it is lead free. So, how do you test for lead in lipsticks?

  • Clean the surface you want to use for testing for the presence of lead in lipsticks and let it dry. You can use the back of your hand, on a piece of fabric or paper.
  • Coat the surface you are using with the lipstick you are testing and rub gold, copper, pewter or sliver metal piece on your lipstick. Ensure you thoroughly rub it well.
  • Wait for a short while to see if the lipstick color will change due to lead that might be present in it.

If you notice a color change to almost black, darker or a discolored smear or streak, there are chances the lipstick could be containing lead. However, there are people who claim the above way to test for lead is not real or does not work.

Alternatively, instead of following the above steps used to test for lead in lipsticks, you can decide to go for a lead test kit. Each lead test kit comes with instructions to follow. Let us now look at the lead lipstick list according to FDA data released in 2010 after testing 400 lipstick brands.

Lead Lipstick List According To FDA 2010

We have looked at the details on led in lipsticks and led free lipstick brands. We want now to mention some of the lipsticks, which have been found to contain greater amounts of lead. This is according to data whose source is FDA testing of 400 lipsticks in 2010.

By looking at the above list of lipsticks with lead, you must be in a position to answer a few questions you initially had such as if there is lead in Avon lipsticks. Maybelline. L’Oreal. NARS,Sonia Kashuk. Revlon and other leading brands.

It is unfortunate that Maybelline Color Sensational in “Pink Petal topped the list while L’Oreal Color Richer Volcanic was second. NARS, CoverGirl, Stargaze, Sonia Kashuk, Revlon and Burt’s Bees had at least a brand in the top lipsticks with lead.

You have seen some of the lipsticks that contain lead. you might be so afraid and maybe you will not want to use lipsticks at all. Indeed, you need to be afraid since lead is dangerous. Of course, you could always just make your own!

Lead in pencil - definition of lead in pencil by The Free Dictionary

lead

(= advantage ) (in competition, election) → avance f
their commanding lead in the opinion polls → leur avance importante dans les sondages
A commanding lead for the opposition is emerging throughout the country → Une avance importante pour l'opposition émerge à travers tout le pays.
to have a lead of 5 points [team, player ] → avoir une avance de 5 points. mener de cinq points
to have a two-goal lead → avoir une avance de deux buts, mener de deux buts
A poll put Labour one per cent in the lead → Un sondage donnait les travaillistes en tête d'un pour cent.

(= example ) to follow sb's lead → suivre les traces de qn, emboîter le pas à qn
Many others followed his lead → Beaucoup d'autres suivirent ses traces. Beaucoup d'autres lui emboîtèrent le pas.
Perhaps we should follow the lead of politicians and never explain why we did a certain thing → Peut-être devrions nous suivre les traces des politiciens et ne jamais expliquer le pourquoi de nos actes. Peut-être devrions nous emboîter le pas aux politiciens et ne jamais expliquer le pourquoi de nos actes.
to give a moral lead → exercer un ascendant moral
the need for the president to give a moral lead → la nécessité pour le président d'exercer un ascendant moral

to take the lead in sth (= pioneer ) → ouvrir la voie à qch
They took the lead in the development of naval aviation → Ils ont ouvert la voie au développement de l'aviation navale.
to take the lead in doing sth → ouvrir la voie en faisant qch

(in play, film, opera) (= actor ) → tête mf d'affiche
to play the lead [actor ] → être la tête d'affiche
Richard is to play the lead in their new film → Richard doit être la tête d'affiche de leur nouveau film.

[+ procession, demonstration ] → mener

to lead the conversation around to sth → amener la conversation sur qch
I led the conversation around to her job → J'ai amené la conversation sur son travail.

(= be leader of ) [+ party, country ] → être à la tête de, diriger
He led the country between 1949 and 1984 → Il a dirigé le pays entre 1949 et 1984. Il a été à la tête du pays entre 1949 et 1984.
to be led by → être dirigé (e) par
The Labour Party was led by Wilson → Le parti travailliste était dirigé par Wilson.

[team, player, competitor, party ] → mener
Spurs lead by four goals to two → Tottenham mène par quatre buts à deux.

(= go ) [road, path ] to lead north → mener vers le nord
to lead to [road, path ] → mener à
the street that leads to the station → la rue qui mène à la gare
to lead straight to → mener droit à
A path leads straight to Stonehenge → Un sentier mène droit à Stonehenge.

(= result in ) to lead to → mener à
tensions that could lead to civil war → des tensions qui pourraient mener à une guerre civile
What led to the final break-up?
BUT Qu'est-ce qui amena cette rupture définitive.

(= pioneer ) → ouvrir la voie
Where these two companies lead, others will undoubtedly follow → Si ces deux compagnies ouvrent la voie. d'autres suivront sans aucun doute.

(= begin ) (in game, concert, discussion) → commencer ; (in dance)
Whenever there was a dance he and I led off → À chaque fois qu'il y avait une soirée dansante. nous ouvrions le bal. lui et moi.

to lead off from [+ road, square ] → partir de
A side street led off from a road of shops → Une petite rue transversale partait d'une rue commerçante.
The dining-room leads off from the kitchen
BUT La salle à manger et la cuisine sont en enfilade.

[+ person ] (= take away ) → emmener
Some of them were crying, as they were led off → Certains pleuraient alors qu'on les emmenait.
to lead sb off [+ plane, pitch ] → conduire qn hors de
The passengers were led off the plane → Les passagers furent conduits hors de l'avion.

lead 1

( liːd ) past tense, past participleled (led) –verb

lead up the garden path

lead 2 lead lead

___ apron → delantal de ___, usado como protección a radiaciones ;

___ poisoning → envenenamiento por ___

Lipstick on a pig - ESOMAR Research Paper - Focus Groups

Lipstick on a pig
Getting the tastiest pork from Japanese qualitative research

This paper will argue that Qualitative research and Japan don’t mix. That what goes by the name of qualitative research in Japan is, in many cases, something very different; a beast that has - in evolving to fit Japanese cultural assumptions, business reflexes and participant behaviours - been stripped of its ability to reveal consumer insight and provide real value. The paper will explore the reasons for this dichotomy and propose a new way forward for Japanese research that takes the best of both worlds.

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400 common lipsticks contain lead - yet cheapest brand has lowest levels

400 common lipsticks contain lead – yet cheapest brand has lowest levels

Four hundred of the most popular lipsticks in the US contain trace levels of lead, according to tests conducted by the federal government – a number much bigger than what was expected.

Five of the L’Oreal and Maybelline lipsticks ranked among the top 10 most contaminated brands, as well as two Cover Girl and two NARS. The researchers from the FDA who conducted the study declared they were shocked and weren’t expecting this, especially in the midst of the debate between the FDA and the Campaign for Safe Cosmetics, a consumer group which has been pushing the government for years to set some lead limits in lipstick. Until now, the government insisted that the quantities of lead pose no problem, but after this latest batch of testing, they might change their mind – though I wouldn’t put my money on that.

However, they argue that, despite one third of all lipsticks contain levels higher than those approved in candy, the comparison is invalid.

“It is not scientifically valid to equate the risk to consumers presented by lead levels in candy, a product intended for ingestion, with that associated with lead levels in lipstick, a product intended for topical use and ingested in much smaller quantities than candy,” the FDA said in comments posted on its Web site.

The highest amount was found in the Maybelline’s Color Sensational “Pink Petal” lipstick, at 7.19 parts per million, and the average was at around 1.2 parts per million; on the other hand, Wet & Wild Mega Mixers Lip Balm, the least expensive from the ones analyzed was also the one with the lowest amount of lead, showing once again that price is not always a good indicator for quality.

While some voices from the FDA state those numbers are in the normal limits, many disagree with this opinion.

“Lead builds in the body over time, and lead-containing lipstick applied several times a day, every day, can add up to significant level exposure,” Mark Mitchell, co-chairman of the Environmental Health Task Force for the National Medical Association, said in the group’s statement.

It doesn’t seem like anyone is in a hurry to do anything about this, but it is something to ponder when putting make-up on. If you ask me, beauty should be lead-free.

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