Category: Research Paper
WiMAX is a telecommunications technology, developed with the aim of providing universal wireless connectivity for greater distance for a wide range of devices (from desktops and laptops to mobile phones). Based on the IEEE 802.16 standard, also known as Wireless MAN (WiMAX should be regarded as a slang name, because it is not the technology, and the name of the forum in which the Wireless MAN wad adapted).
The name “WiMAX” was adapted at the WiMAX Forum, an organization that was founded in June 2001 with the aim of promoting and developing WiMAX technology. WiMAX is described as “a standards-based technology that provides high-speed wireless access to the network, an alternative to leased lines and DSL.” The technology presents maximum speed up to 1 Gbit / s per cell.
WiMAX comprises a family of IEEE 802.16 standards that define broadband data transmission over the air. The WiMAX Forum brings together all stakeholders (manufacturers, operators, operators, broadcasters, etc.) involved in this set of standards.
WiMAX rallied previously independent norms and standards of wireless networking: HiperMAN, developed in Europe by ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute), or 802.16, developed by the IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers).
WiMAX uses multiple radio broadcasting technologies mainly for a so-called “point-to-multipoint” architecture: one or more centralized transmitters / receivers cover an area with multiple receivers.
WiMAX provides speeds of several tens of megabits / second on a coverage area up to tens kilometers. WiMAX is aimed particularly at the market of metropolitan networks, MAN (metropolitan area network) as a part of HiperMAN, but can also used in peri-urban or rural areas by people who do not have an exploitable landline telephone infrastructure.
The several most advanced norms and standards within the acronym WiMAX concern the use in fixed location (the user has a home station and an outdoor antenna), and the other concern a mobile version (broadband on the move), the standard is being international approval.
By using free sample research paper topics on WIMAX you will find out that many telecommunications companies are making big bets on the use of WiMAX for high-speed communications services and there are several reasons for that. First, a family of 802.16 standards is more cost effective (compared to wired technology), they can not only provide network access to new customers, but also expand the range of services and cover the new remote areas. Secondly, wireless technology is easier to use than traditional wire channels.
WiMAX and Wi-Fi networks are easy to deploy and easy to scale if needed. This factor is very useful when you need to expand an extensive network in no time. For example, WiMAX was used to provide network access to those who survived the tsunami that happened in December 2004 in Indonesia. All communication infrastructure area was broken down and needed surgical restoration of communications services throughout the region.
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Title: Marketing Research Manager
Department(s): Marketing Research Manager
Reports to: Marketing Communications Director
The Marketing Research Manager is responsible in managing and tracking primary and secondary research, and serves as the point of contact for fulfilling informational research requests and needs of the Marketing Working Group and WiMAX Forum direct staff. The incumbent will use information gathered through research to develop reports and presentation materials to support the goals and objectives of the WiMAX Forum; and maintain the currency of the WiMAX forum research library and presentation repository. Additional activities will include but are not limited to:
* Supporting the needs of external/outbound communications on behalf of WiMAX Forum.
* -nterpreting research findings and synthesizing them into actionable business insights.
* Ensuring all research and activities are aligned with and executed in accordance with the larger strategic marketing plan.
* At times the Marketing Research Manager will step out of the research function and contribute to a variety of larger cross-functional organization initiatives.
Candidate should have the ability to create and work within budgets and work with a diverse set of cultures to accomplish goals. Excellent written and verbal communication skills are required.
Regularly conduct relevant market research and monitor for trends. Manage and conduct primary market research. Acquire and analyze secondary market research and industry reports. Prepare market studies and analysis to be used in WiMAX Forum presentations and white papers. Prepare presentations to share the results of the same.
White Papers: Oversee and manage white paper task groups and vendor relationships within Marketing Working Group, including sourcing and hiring of external technical writers for the same. Ensure Technical Papers from all working groups are consistent with Marketing and WF core objectives. Contribute to the research and development of highly technical papers, briefs and positioning papers and briefs in support of WiMAX Forum key activities. Re-purpose technical white papers for outbound marketing and communications purposes.
Update and maintain the WiMAX Forum Deployment Database quarterly.
Define the requirements for the Interactive Deployment Database phases.
With the Marketing Communications and Creative/Web Directors, establish a process for review and revisions to content on the public website. Collect and re-purpose core WiMAX industry facts and figures for web communications.
Monitor member and partner websites for WiMAX Forum-related content and ensure WiMAX Forum is appropriately defined and represented on the same.
Research detailed media and analyst requests; equip and prepare spokespersons with information needed for the same.
Be WiMAX Forum primary point for contact with Informa Research as well as other analyst firms. Collaborate with Informa Research in the exchange of market data and research.
Develop and maintain the situation analysis for the strategic marketing plan and participate in the strategic planning process. Maintain the research library, and be the point of contact for all research requirements, which include but are not limited to the management of the membership satisfaction study, development of program requirements for new initiatives, and updating and maintain Nance of the content for all WiMAX Forum presentation materials.
Organize a document management system for input and reference of the research library and master slide deck of presentation materials.
Contribute to program content for the WiMAX Forum Global Congress Series.
Track and research WiMAX industry speakers and events at which WiMAX Forum presence is advised.
With the Marketing Communications Director, monitor competition and PR/AR activity on the WiMAX ecosystem and develop action plans to address new dynamics.
4-7 years work experience performing market research in the technical and/or product marketing and fields. Experience working with globally diverse teams is preferred. Strong preference for candidates with wireless or telecom industry experience. Requires Bachelor’s degree in Marketing, Business Administration, or related field; MBA highly desired. Must have technical background in telecom/wireless communications industry, and ability to review and edit technical white papers for readability to non-technical audiences.
Additional qualifications include:
* Strong analytical skills including the ability to synthesize large amounts of information, identify key market and user trends, and communicate the implications to marketing, planning and management.
* Ability to summarize and consolidate complex information from multiple sources, as well as experience planning, conducting, analyzing, and presenting data from both.
* qualitative and quantitative research studies.
* Passion for learning about new devices and market trends.
* Self starter with high tolerance for ambiguity.
* Strong proficiency with Microsoft Excel and PowerPoint.
* Experience measuring advertising effectiveness and marketing mix (web, print, broadcast, direct mail).
* Ability and willingness to travel to Member Conference and Working Group meetings held regularly in various global locations as well as ability and willingness to conduct teleconference meetings to accommodate various time zones of member company team members.
The above statements are intended to describe the general nature and level of work being performed by people assigned to this classification. They are not to be construed as an exhaustive list of all responsibilities, duties, and skills required of personnel so classified. All personnel may be required to perform duties outside of their normal responsibilities from time to time, as needed.
Job: WiMAX Forum® Marketing Research Manager USA, Mountain View, North America, WiMAX Forum, category: WiMAX Technology Jobs
WiMAX is the telecommunication technology, which was created with the aim to supply the high spectrum of devices (from workstations to laptops and mobile phones) with the universal wireless network. The term ‘WiMAX’ was created by the organization WiMAX Forum, which was founded in 2001 with the aim to embody the technology of WiMAX in life. Forum describes WiMAX as the technology based on the special standard, which provides the client with the high-speed access to the wireless network. The highest speed is 1 Gbit/s. WiMAX is useful for the solution of such problems: the connection of the points of Wi-Fi with one another and other segments of the Internet; the supply with the high-speed servers of data transmission and telecommunication services; the creation of the wireless access points which do not depend on the geographical position; the creation of the monitoring systems. WiMAX enables to receive high-speed access to the Internet with the more developed net than the Wi-Fi networks. The problem of the last mile has always been the relevant problem for the Internet providers.
Nowadays there are many technologies which solve the problem of the last mile and the provider has to choose the best one in order to satisfy the client and maintain the quality of the connection. The universal solution to the problem of the last mile has not been invented yet as every technology has its own advantages and disadvantages. Today the technologies of WiMAX and Wi-Fi are compared constantly and every technology has its strong and weak sides and can be applied in the definite situations and for the definite purposes.
WiMAX is quite a good technology which can provide everyone with the 24/7 top-speed access to the Internet and if the student is interested in this technology, he can try to research it closer.
The student who is writing the proposal should pay attention to the explanation of the work of the technology, its structure, strong and weak sides and the best places of its use. The proposal should contain the right structure, the list of the points which require deeper research and the literature and methods used for the investigation of WiMAX.
Many students say that they face numerous troubles while writing their research proposals, because the process is quite complicated and requires attention and skills. Fortunately, the student can read a free example research proposal on WiMAX which would reveal many new facts about the process of writing and improve the chance to complete a successful paper. Using a free sample research proposal on WiMAX one is able to master the convincing style of writing and prepare the appropriate structure of the paper and the right suggestion of the solution of the questions chosen for the analysis.
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Table Of Contents
When accessing the Internet today we have about three common options available to us:
• Broadband access – In your home you will probably find either a cable modem or DSL connection or at work you could possible find a T1 or T2 line.
• WiFi access - In your home, you may have set up a WiFi router that lets you surf the Web while you lounge with your laptop. On the road, you can find WiFi hotspots in restaurants, hotels, coffee shops and libraries.
• Dial-up access - If you are still using dial-up, chances are that either broadband access is not available, or you think that broadband access is too expensive.
The main problems with broadband access are that it is pretty expensive and it doesn't reach all areas and a major problem with WiFi access is that hot spots are very small, sometimes hard to find therefore coverage is sparse.
What if there were a new technology that solved all of these problems? This new technology would provide:
• The high speed of broadband service
• Wireless rather than wired access, so it would be a lot less expensive than cable or DSL and much easier to extend to suburban and rural areas
• Broad coverage like the mobile phone network instead of small WiFi hotspots
This system is actually coming into being right now, and it is called WiMAX. WiMAX is short for Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access, and it also goes by the IEEE name 802.16.
WiMAX has the potential to do to.
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WiMAX is a new technology that promises wide perspectives for wireless broadband access to IP-based networks and internet. It utilizes microwave communication in the 2 – 66GHz range to connect WiMAX-enabled fixed, portable, and mobile computers to a base-station PC which in turn connects to an IP network (Radha & Radhamani, 2007). Potentially, this technology is offering a lot of benefits such as high mobility, greater area of access compared to other wireless technologies, and easier network access. However, before implementing this technology for commercial use within a given company it is necessary to perform a phase in process, because there exists a number of risks connected with WiMAX. The main of them are the following:
WiMAX standards and devices are quickly developing and changing
Industry certification programs for this technology may be insufficient in some countries
Spectrum allocations for WiMAX vary in each country (Katz & Fitzek, 2009)
Mobile and wireless operators (like 3G networks etc.) present a strong opposition to WiMAX implementation
Current mobile chipsets with WiMAX support do not always comply with acceptable power consumption standards and heat dissipation
Since WiMAX-enabled devices and standards are not yet established, protocols and network organization may cause certain difficulties. Software compatibility and support for WiMAX networks is also questionable. Moreover, if there are software networking products created especially for the company, they will require renewing. Taking into account these possible troubles with WiMAX implementation, it is necessary to perform risk analysis before shifting to this technology. Qualitative risk analysis should be done in order to define the weak points of the organizations; also, quantitative estimates should be done, basing on the evaluation of possible vulnerabilities, drawbacks, counter measures and amount of financial impact related to WiMAX implementation problems. After risk evaluation, the phase in process should take place to maintain stable work during the technological change.
Radha, Krishna Rao & Radhamani, G. (2007). WiMAX: a wireless technology revolution. CRC Press.
Katz, Marcos & Fitzek, Frank H.P. (2009). WiMAX Evolution: Emerging Technologies and Applications. John Wiley and Sons.
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* Challenges facing WiMAX
WiMAX is defined as Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access by the WiMAX Forum. The WiMAX Forum has more than 522 members comprising the major communication players, component and equipment companies in the communications field including Accenture, Agilent, Acer, Intel, Fujitsu, Motorola, Samsung, Sprint and AT&T. The WiMAX forum was formed in April 2001 to promote conformance and interoperability of the IEEE 802.16 standard, officially known as Wireless MAN. The Forum describes WiMAX as "a standards-based technology enabling the delivery of last mile wireless broadband access as an alternative to cable and DSL".
It should be noted that, WiMAX is not a technology that is used but is more specifically a Certification or an Approval stamp given to devices that are in conformity with certain standards of the IEEE 802.16 family of standards. WiMAX supports data rate of up to 75 Mbps and provides a range of about 50 kms for LOS propagation.
Wi-Fi devices operate in the unlicensed ISM band (Industrial Scientific and Medical Band) centered at 2.4GHz. This frequency band is also used by other devices. Hence the Wi-Fi devices are allocated a maximum power limit by FCC which limits their range or coverage. WiMAX was designed keeping in mind a WMAN. It is allocated a licensed frequency band and hence interference from other devices is relatively less. Correspondingly the range for WiMAX is more.
Further, in Wi-Fi, the media access controller ("MAC") uses CSMACA (Carrier Sense Multiple Access Collision Avoidance) scheme. In this media access scheme, a station first senses the medium, if it finds the medium busy; it backs off, waits for a random period of time and tries accessing the medium again. A packet is allowed up to maximum of about 10 retransmission attempts before it is dropped. Thus all subscriber stations that wish to pass data through a wireless "access point" (AP) are competing for the AP's attention on a random interrupt basis. This can cause distant nodes from the AP to be repeatedly interrupted by closer nodes, greatly reducing their throughput. This makes delay sensitive services such as Voice over IP (VoIP) or IPTV, which depend on a predetermined type of "quality of service" (QoS), difficult to maintain for large numbers of users. In contrast, the 802.16 MAC uses a scheduling algorithm, where the subscriber station only has to compete once (for initial entry into the network). After that it is allocated a time slot by the base station. The time slot can enlarge and contract, but it remains assigned to the subscriber station, meaning that other subscribers cannot use it. This scheduling algorithm is stable under overload and over-subscription (unlike 802.11). It can also be more bandwidth efficient. The scheduling algorithm also allows the base station to control Quality of Service parameters by balancing the time-slot assignments among the application needs of the subscriber stations.
Another limitation of Wi-Fi is that the devices need to be in Line Of Sight of each other. However WiMAX provides connectivity between network endpoints without the need for direct line of sight in favorable circumstances. It relies upon clever use of multi-path signals using Cyclic Prefix.
The most basic use of WiMAX is to provide Wireless broadband services at all times and at all places. It provides fixed and wireless connectivity to all devices in a cell range of 3 to 10 kilometers.
During natural disasters like tsunami in Aceh, Indonesia (Dec 2004) and Katrina in US, all communication infrastructure was destroyed making the survivors unable to communicate with people outside the disaster area and vice versa. WiMAX provided broadband access that helped regenerate communication to and from the affected area.
Figure 1: Typical Network using WiMAX 
The above figure shows typical applications supported by WiMAX. The products incorporated in the WiMAX family range from Mobile phones, Laptops, PDAs and many more. Some of the products having WiMAX technology built in within them are as shown below.
Figure 2: Typical products that use WiMAX technology 
(a) PDA and (b) Mobile WiMAX Measurement.
WiMAX is a standards-based technology enabling the deliverance of wireless broadband access as an alternative to cable and DSL. WiMAX provides set, roaming, transportable, and mobile wireless broadband connectivity without the need for direct line-of-sight with a base station. The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) website, the WiMAX Forum website and other internet resources were used to gather information for the paper. The paper describes aspects of the technology, future trends, regulatory issues, and global implications surrounding WiMAX. A list of companies and their involvement with WiMAX is also provided.
WiMAX is a standards-based technology enabling the deliverance of wireless broadband access as an alternative to cable and DSL. WiMAX provides set, roaming, transportable, and mobile wireless broadband connectivity without the need for direct line-of-sight with a base station.
WiMax is an interoperability standard for broadband wireless communication. The technical design portion of the standard defines Media Access Control, and the Physical layer. The Media Access Control (MAC) portion of the standard describes the use of scheduling to make sure that each client is allocated a time slot with the base station. The MAC also describes the use of QoS (Quality of Service) and authentication. The physical layer portion of the standard describes a frequency spectrum from 2 GHz to 66 GHz. The 2 GHz to 11 GHz is intended for non-line of sight usage, and the 10 GHz - 66 GHz range is intended for line of site usage. The physical layer portion of the standard also describes the methods used to communicate with the base stations. Time-Division Multiplexing (TDM) is used by the base station to communicate with the clients, and Time-Division Multiple Access (TDMA) is used to communicate back to the base stations. The standard also supports Time-Division Duplexing (TDD) and Frequency-Division Duplexing (FDD) for burst transmissions.
To access the internet these days you have three choices. First there is broadband access, which includes Cable modem, DSL or a T1 line in the office. Then there is Wi-Fi access, which comes from a wireless router, Wi-Fi hot spots can be found in airports, hotels, coffee shops and libraries. Finally dial-up access which is very slow and not very reliable. For many people still using dial-up it is because broadband is not available in their area and this is where Worldwide interoperability Microwave Access (WiMAX IEEE 802.16) comes in. WiMAX is an acronym that stands for Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access, a certification mark for products that pass conformity and interoperability tests for the IEEE 802.16 standard. WiMAX is a standards-based wireless technology that provides high-throughput broadband connections over long distances. WiMAX can be used for a number of applications, including "last mile" broadband connections, hotspots and cellular backhaul, and high-speed enterprise connectivity for business. Products that pass the conformity tests for WiMAX are capable of forming wireless connections between them to permit the carrying of internet packet data. It is similar to WiFi in concept, but has a number of enhancements designed to improve performance and permit usage over much greater distances. It provide high speeds like broadband wireless access to avoid the expense of running wires, and coverage like a cell phone rather the that of Wi-Fi which are limiter to hot spots. WiMAX has the potential to do for broadband Internet access what cell phones have done to phone access. WiMAX is similar to Wi-Fi but a higher speeds and over greater distances and able to service more people. One major potential for WiMAX to reach into suburban area that does not have access to broadband through cable of DSL. WiMAX is similar to cell technologies; one WiMAX tower can cover a very large area as much as 3,000sq miles. A WiMAX tower uses two methods to communicate with your computer. One is a non-lone of sight where a small antenna in your computer connects to the tower similar to Wi-Fi hotspots. This method uses a low frequency able to go through walls and around corners. The Wi-Fi style will service an area similar to a cell phone coverage area of about 25 miles. The second method uses Line of sight antennas on the roof of your building to pick up the WiMAX signal. This uses a higher frequency to provide greater bandwidth at these higher frequencies there are less interference. Right now Wi-Fi will reach speeds of 54 Mbps but WiMAX will achieve speeds up to 70 Mbps, this will provide cable type speeds for several hundred users.
Many companies are part of the WiMAX forum. Their roster is made up of about 370 companies of all types and sizes. The roster is broken into three distinct groups of "Regular" members, "Principal" members, and "Board" members.
Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access or the Air Interface Standard (WiMAX) is one of today's newest technologies that have taking the world and the wireless community by storm. WiMAX is a broadband wireless technology that seems to work well with Voice over Internet Protocol (VOIP); however this is not WiMAX's only purpose or means of existence. WiMAX is designated as 802.16 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) and is considered to be a broadband wireless technology (BWA) which can and is used to create wireless metropolitan area networks (MAN). WiMAX appears to be revolutionizing the world in terms of bringing broadband wireless technology to the world, thus making possible the implementation and development of this technology globally.
WiMAX technology will bring with it many global implications. One of those implications is the possible addition of broadcast towers to riddle the landscape. Another issue is the possible long term health effects of WiMAX's microwave frequencies on the people of the world.
WiMAX is a point-to-multipoint topology that made up of single base stations that communicate with multiple subscriber stations. The WiMAX specification describes both the Media Access Control (MAC) sublayer and the Physical layer.
Media Access Control is a sublayer of the OSI model Data Link Layer. It is between the Logical Link sublayer and acts as an interface to the Physical layer ("Media Access Control", 2006). The MAC protocol of WiMAX is designed for high bit rate uplink and downlink data transfer. WiMAX is designed to support many types of services simultaneously with continuous and burst frame transmissions using time division multiplexing. The MAC protocol defines among other things, the Quality of Service (QoS), bandwidth allocation, data transport and a privacy sublayer. The MAC